TABLE-Open and planned US cellulosic ethanol plants

Thu Feb 19, 2009 9:39pm GMT

 Feb 19 (Reuters) - Companies in the United States are racing to make
cellulosic ethanol, which is believed to release less planet-warming emissions
and to be less likely to raise food pries than conventional ethanol made from
corn.
 A few companies have opened pilot plants to make cellulosic but no
commercial amounts of the fuel are being made. The industry risks failing the
U.S. Renewable Fuels Standard, which requires the blending of 100 million
gallons of cellulosic into the country's gasoline pool next year.
 To make cellulosic the woody walls of plant cells must be broken down using
three main methods. Those include enzymes derived from fungi, such as jungle
rot or that live at the bottom of lakes, acid, such as sulfuric acid, or heat
and pressure, like an oil refinery uses to break down crude oil.
 To see an interview about Big Oil and cellulosic please click
[ID:nN19501357],
 Below is a list of cellulosic plants in the United States
.
 Operating pilot plants:
 Company                 Location          Capacity*   Feedstock
 -AE Biofuels            Montana           0.15        Corn, corn stover
 -KL Energy Corp         Wyoming           1.5         Wood
 -Poet                   S. Dakota         0.02        Corn cobs
 -Verenium               Louisiana         1.4         Bagasse
 Commercial scale plants not open yet:
 Company                 Location          Capacity*   Feedstock
 -Abengoa Bioenergy      Kansas            30          Biomass
 -BlueFire Mecca Llc     Calif             17          Green waste
 -Colusa Biomass         Calif             12.5        Rice hulls
 -Gulf Coast Energy      Florida           25          Woody biomass
 -Mascoma Corp           Michigan          40          "      "
 -Poet                   Iowa              25          Corn cobs, stover
 -Range Fuels            Georgia           20          Woody biomass
 -US Envirofuels LLC     Florida           20          Sorghum, sugar cane
 -Verenium-BP            Florida           36          Energy cane, sorghum
 Pilot, or pre-commercial plants, not open yet:
 Company                 Location          Capacity*   Feedstock
 -Abengoa                Nebraska          10          Corn stover
 -BlueFire               Calif              3.2        Green landfill waste
 -Citrus Energy Llc      Florida            4          Citrus waste
 -Clemson University     S. Carolina       10          Wood waste, algae
 -Coskata                Pennsylvania       0.04       Woody biomass, waste
 -Dupont Danisco         Tennessee          0.25       Switchgrass, stover
 -Ecofin Llc             Kentucky           1          Corn cobs
 -Fulcrum                Nevada            10.5        Municipal waste
 -GulfCoast Energy       Alabama            0.4        Wood Waste
 -Flambeau River         Wisconsin          6          Forest, paper waste
 -ICM Inc                Missouri           1.5        Switchgrass, sorghum
 -KL Energy Corp         Colorado           5          Wood pellets
 -Liberty Industries     Florida            7          Forest waste
 -NewPage                Wisconsin          5.5        Woody biomass
 -Pacific Ethanol        Oregon             2.7        Wheat straw, poplar
 -PureVision             Colorado           2          Corn stalks
 -RSE Pulp & Chem        Maine              2.2        Woody biomass
 -SunOpta                Minnesota         10          Corn stover, waste
 -University of Florida  Florida            2          Bagasse
 -West Biofuels          Calif              0.18       Wood chips
 *all capacity in million gallons per year
 (Sources: Biotechnology Industry Organization, individual companies)
 (Reporting by Timothy Gardner; Editing by Christian Wiessner)