FACTBOX-International sanctions on Libya
June 7 |
June 7 (Reuters) - The European Union said on Tuesday it had agreed to add six Libyan ports to the list of assets frozen in sanctions imposed on Muammar Gaddafi's government. [ID:nLDE7561H2]
Here are some details of international sanctions imposed on Libya:
EUROPEAN UNION: EU governments agreed on March 23 to impose sanctions on Libya's National Oil Company and five NOC subsidiaries, in line with the March 17 U.N. resolution, diplomats said. The subsidiaries are: Azzawia Refining, Ras Lanuf Oil and Gas Processing Company, Brega, Sirte Oil Company and Waha Oil Company.
-- The EU expanded sanctions against Libya on March 21, adding 11 individuals and 9 entities to its banned list, although the targets were not specified. Gaddafi and 25 close associates were already on the list, as was the Libyan Investment Authority.
-- EU governments had originally approved a package of sanctions on Feb. 28 against Gaddafi and his closest advisers, including an arms embargo and bans on travel to the bloc.
-- EU states have also added the $70 billion Libyan Investment Authority, the Libyan central bank, and three other institutions to a sanctions list.
-- The EU agreed on April 12 to extend sanctions against Libya, imposing an asset freeze on 26 companies and two people in its effort to force Gaddafi to relinquish power.
-- The additional measures include 11 energy companies, the last remaining in Libya's oil and gas sector that had not faced sanctions before, and bring the total number of firms punished by EU measures to 46.
-- On June 7, the EU added six Libyan ports to the list of assets frozen as part of its sanctions -- Tripoli, Zuara, Zawiyah, Al-Khoms, Ras Lanuf and Brega. EU officials said the sanctions would make it illegal for European-operated ships to do business with the port authorities.
ICC: -- On May 16 the International Criminal Court's prosecutor said he had requested arrest warrants for Libya's Muammar Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam, and intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi for crimes against humanity.
* UNITED NATIONS: The Security Council imposed an arms embargo, travel bans and asset freezes on Gaddafi and his family on Feb. 26, and referred Libya's crackdown on anti-government demonstrators to the International Criminal Court.
-- On March 1, the U.N. General Assembly unanimously suspended Libya's membership of the U.N. Human Rights Council because of violence against protesters by Gaddafi forces. The resolution was adopted on the basis of a recommendation from the 47-member Geneva-based council, the principal U.N. rights forum. That body accused Libyan authorities of "gross and systematic violations of human rights".
-- On March 17 the Security Council voted to authorize a no-fly zone over Libya and "all necessary measures" -- code for military action -- to shield civilians against Gaddafi's forces.
UNITED STATES: The United States named on March 14 companies owned by Libya's state oil firm as subject to sanctions, including prominent east Libyan operator Agoco, aiming to cut off a key source of funds for Gaddafi's regime.
-- The U.S. Treasury said on March 11 it had extended asset-freeze sanctions to Gaddafi's wife, four of his children and four senior officials in his government. The action bans U.S. persons from conducting transactions with them and seeks to freeze assets they may have under U.S. jurisdiction.
-- President Barack Obama signed an executive order on Feb. 25 freezing the assets of Gaddafi, his family and top officials, as well as the Libyan government, the central bank and sovereign wealth funds. -- The U.S. Treasury Department said in April it had added Libya's prime minister, oil minister, finance minister, and internal security director, Gaddafi's chief of staff and two entities controlled by Gaddafi's children to its sanctions blacklist.
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