UPDATE 2-Vietnam to hold navy drills, says China destabilizing

Mon Jun 13, 2011 8:21pm BST

* Vietnam says naval drills "routine"

* China, SE Asian neighbors trade accusations

* U.S. senator wants clear signal to China (Adds U.S. senator's comments, paragraphs 13-16)

By John Ruwitch

HANOI, June 13 (Reuters) - Vietnam's navy was due to hold live-fire drills off the central coast Monday but a senior naval source sought to downplay the exercises to avoid exacerbating escalating tensions with China over territorial disputes in the South China Sea.

China and Vietnam have hurled accusations at each other for weeks over what each sees as intrusions into its territorial waters by the other in a swath of ocean crossed by key shipping lanes and thought to hold large deposits of oil and gas.

Such accusations are not uncommon between China, Vietnam and the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan, which are also involved in long-standing maritime disputes in the South China Sea, but this bout of tension has run longer than usual.

The senior navy source, who declined to be identified, said the naval drills were "routine," pre-planned and not related to the territorial disputes.

"We shouldn't pay too much attention to them so as to not add to the tension. They're not aimed at confronting any country," said the source, who declined to be identified. He declined to confirm that the drills were under way.

An article in the Vietnamese newspaper People's Army on Sunday blamed China for creating disputes "through provocative actions, hostilities aimed at its neighbors and threats to the interests of maritime navigation of other countries (that) will not bring good results for China."

"Threatening to use force in the Eastern Sea runs counter to the trend of peace and cooperation in the region and the world and makes the environment in the region and the world less stable," it said, using Vietnam's term for the South China Sea.

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SE Asia wary of China as disputes intensify [ID:nL3E7HA1IZ]

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Two sessions of live-fire naval drills were scheduled for Monday in the sea off the coast near the town of Hoi An, a popular tourist destination south of Danang.

The Vietnamese foreign ministry declined to comment on the drills Monday, but described them last week as routine.

China's Global Times, a popular tabloid with a nationalist bent run by Communist Party mouthpiece the People's Daily, said the drills were "a military show of force to defy Beijing."

In Vietnam, the government has actively publicized two incidents in recent weeks in which it says Chinese vessels intentionally damaged gear in use by Vietnamese seismic survey vessels in Vietnamese waters, including within Vietnam's 200 nautical mile (370 km) exclusive economic zone.

China has denied that its ships have done anything wrong.

In Washington, a key Democratic lawmaker on Asia policy said he would introduce a U.S. Senate resolution urging China to cease military actions and enter into multilateral talks on maritime territorial disputes with its neighbors.

"We need to send a very clear signal to the Chinese," said Senator Jim Webb, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations East Asian and Pacific Affairs Subcommittee.

"We need to do our part as a balancing force to bring these issues to the table," he said in a speech at a think tank.

Washington must "back up what we said" last year, when Secretary of State Hillary Clinton stressed U.S. support for a collective regional solution to the mosaic of territorial disputes in the South China Sea, Webb added.

Computer hackers on both sides of the border have taken matters into their own hands, according to media accounts, posting pro-China or pro-Vietnam messages on scores of the other country's websites, including some belonging to the government.

Monday, Hanoi publicized a June 10 directive from Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung ordering government agencies to enhance their digital security and develop contingency plans in the face of "serious threats."

The Philippines, which has also quarreled with China recently over maritime territory, said Monday it would refer to the South China Sea as the West Philippine Sea from now on. (Additional reporting by Tran Le Thuy in Hanoi, Paul Eckert in Washington, Ben Blanchard in Beijing and Manny Mogato in Manila; Editing by Sanjeev Miglani)