LONDON/FRANKFURT Vodafone (VOD.L) has agreed to buy Germany's largest cable operator Kabel Deutschland (KD8Gn.DE) for 7.7 billion euros ($10 billion), adding TV and fixed-line services to help defend against mounting competition in its most important market.
In Vodafone's largest deal in six years and its second major buy of a European fixed-line network in 12 months, the group is offering a near 40 percent premium to Kabel's share price before its interest first emerged in snapping up the target's 8.5 million connected homes.
The high price shows the desire of the world's second-largest mobile operator to adapt in its core market of Europe, where increasing regulation and recession have hit revenue and forced it to write down the value of its assets.
The price was pushed up in the last week by an approach from John Malone's Liberty Global (LBTYA.O), which could still return with a higher bid, but two sources familiar with the German group said they did not expect that to happen.
"Although you should never underestimate someone as aggressive as Malone, it is very difficult to see how Liberty could make a bid in cash that would be higher than what KDG (Kabel Deutschland) already considers a good price," one of the sources said.
So-called "quad-play" services offering TV, broadband, mobile and fixed-line telephony have caught on rapidly in markets such as France and Spain, but the largely fragmented German cable market is still some way behind, meaning a deal could enable Vodafone to steal a march on rivals such as Liberty's Unity Media and Deutsche Telekom (DTEGn.DE).
With consumers wanting to watch TV and video on an array of devices, cable assets have become more attractive as they can provide internet services at speeds often five times faster than competing services from traditional telecom companies.
"The value of infrastructure is now in focus with telecom companies and cable providers increasingly in competition with each other," Andreas Mark, a portfolio manager with Union Investment, a shareholder in Kabel Deutschland, said. "Clients want a stronger network and better performance."
Malone's Liberty Global has been the most active acquirer in Europe in the last few months, buying Virgin Media and increasing its stake in Dutch group Ziggo ZIGGO.AS, stretching its balance sheet and perhaps hampering its options in Germany.
Liberty could seek to merge Unity Media with Kabel Deutschland, but this would likely be a more complicated deal that would take longer to be approved by regulators.
One top-10 Vodafone shareholder said he worried it could signal the start of a takeover spree by a group that does not have the best track record in European dealmaking, given the writeoff after its biggest-ever deal for Germany's Mannesmann.
"The deal is not large enough or expensive enough to be really worrying, but I hope that this does not mark the start of a string of acquisitions," the investor said.
Vodafone could look next at fixed assets in Spain including cable operator ONO, or in Italy with broadband specialist Fastweb, owned by Swisscom (SCMN.VX), analysts have said.
Vodafone Chief Executive Vittorio Colao said investors should not read anything into the fact he had chosen to buy a network in Germany rather than build or rent lines.
Colao was also forced to defend his decision in 2010 not to buy Kabel Deutschland before it went public at 22 euros a share.
The CEO had said earlier this year he could afford to do deals in Europe without having to sell his prized asset, a stake in U.S. group Verizon Wireless, which partner Verizon Communications (VZ.N) has said it would like to buy in what would rank as one of the world's biggest deals.
Vodafone, following up its acquisition of Cable & Wireless Worldwide last year, said it would finance the new deal with existing cash resources and banking facilities, taking its 2013 net debt to earnings ratio to 2.4 times from 2.0 times.
The agreed offer of 7.7 billion euros equates to 87 euros per share is a 38 percent premium to where the stock was trading before Vodafone's initial interest was reported in February.
One trader who asked not to be named said the offer, Vodafone's biggest since a 2007 Indian acquisition, valued Kabel Deutschland at 12 times enterprise value against 2013 core earnings, a 35 percent premium to the sector. However, this falls to 8.5 times when taking into consideration the synergies Vodafone expects to extract.
The board of Kabel Deutschland said it expected to recommend shareholders accept an offer creating a group with 11.5 billion euros of revenue in Germany, from 32.4 million mobile, 5 million broadband and 7.6 million TV customers.
Vodafone said it expected synergies from the deal to exceed 300 million euros a year before integration costs, by the fourth full-year following completion. It also sees potential for revenue synergies of 1.5 billion from cross-selling products and improved customer loyalty.
Goldman Sachs and UBS advised Vodafone, while Perella Weinberg Partners and Morgan Stanley worked with Kabel Deutschland.
Vodafone shares were flat in mid-morning trading. Kabel Deutschland was up 1.8 percent at 86 euros. ($1 = 0.7612 euros)
(Additional reporting by Sinead Cruise, Sophie Sassard and Paul Sandle in London, with Leila Abboud in Paris and Philipp Halstrick, Frank Siebelt, Edward Taylor and Alexander Huebner in Frankfurt; Editing by David Holmes)