BEIJING, June 2 China aims to save 75 terawatt
hours of power per year, the equivalent of 75 million tonnes of
carbon dioxide, by promoting energy-efficient air-conditioners
and other home appliances.
The government plans to raise the market shares of such
appliances to over 30 percent by 2012 by subsidising sales, the
National Development and Reform Commission said.
The appliances include air-conditioners, refrigerators,
washing machines, flat screen television sets, microwave ovens,
rice cookers, electromagnetic ovens, water heaters, computer
screens and electrical motors.
China is widely believed to be the world's biggest emitter of
carbon dioxide, the gas from fossil fuels, industry, farming and
land clearance that is accumulating in the air, trapping more
solar radiation and threatening to overheat the globe.
It is drafting a long-term plan for climate change that will
focus on raising energy efficiency, developing clean-coal
technology and expanding carbon-absorbing forests.
The commission has detailed the first batch of makers and
types of air conditioners whose sales would be subsidised by 300
yuan ($44) to 850 yuan each by Beijing, a move which would alone
save up to 6 terawatt hours of power a year if their market share
rises to more than 30 percent from the current 5 percent.
A terawatt equals one trillion watts. China has yet to detail
subsidies for other household goods.
Air conditioning consumes 20 percent of China's power and
accounts for nearly 40 percent of power use during peak demand
time in summer in cities, according to the commission.
China produced more than 70 million air conditioners in 2008
and over 40 percent of them were exported.
It also produced nearly 200 gigawatts in electrical motor
power last year and over a quarter were shipped abroad.
Electrical motors and the systems they drive consume 60
percent of China's power production but less than 2 percent of
the motors sold on the domestic market are energy efficient.
(Reporting by Jim Bai and Chen Aizhu; Editing by Nick Macfie)