* EU plans stick to 20 percent emissions cut by 2020
* No signs of deeper cuts for "Copenhagen Accord"
By Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent
OSLO, Jan 22 The world is showing only lukewarm
enthusiasm for a "Copenhagen Accord" to curb climate change,
with no sign so far of deeper-than-planned 2020 curbs on
greenhouse gas emissions before a Jan. 31 deadline.
In Brussels, a draft European Union letter on Friday showed
plans for the 27-nation bloc to reiterate a minimum offer of a
20 percent cut in emissions by 2020 below 1990 levels, pleasing
industry, and a 30 percent cut if other nations act comparably.
Other countries are likely to do the same after last month's
Copenhagen summit ended with a low-ambition accord. No nations
have since announced radically tougher plans for action.
"I think that countries are going to stick to their ranges,"
said Nick Mabey, head of the E3G think-tank in London. He said
it was too early for an overhaul of national goals.
"It's almost like the beginning of a new negotiation," said
Gordon Shepherd, director of international policy at the WWF
Many countries were still torn between showing "a burst of
enthusiasm" to rebuild momentum after Copenhagen and "complete
caution", taking time to review next moves, he said.
Few countries have so far sent letters to the U.N. Climate
Change Secretariat before a Jan. 31 deadline for outlining goals
for 2020 set by the Copenhagen Accord, which was worked out by
major emitters led by China and the United States.
The deal sets a goal to limit global warming to a 2 degree
Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) temperature rise above pre-industrial
times but omits details of how. It also backs a target of $100
billion in annual aid for developing nations from 2020.
And it said rich countries should submit by Jan. 31 their
targets for cuts in emissions by 2020 and developing nations
should outline actions for slowing the rise of emissions to help
avert more heatwaves, sandstorms, floods and rising sea levels.
The U.S. Climate Action Network said Brazil, South Korea,
South Africa, Ghana, Australia, France, Canada, Papua New Guinea
and the Maldives had indicated they were committed to the
accord. Cuba has said it will not take part.
The U.N. Secretariat declined comment on the list.
The summit failed to adopt the Copenhagen Accord after
opposition from Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Sudan.
That meant the conference merely "took note" of the plan.
The United Nations says the Jan. 31 deadline is likely to be
missed and that countries can sign up later. But experts say the
accord would look in trouble if its main backers -- such as
Washington and Beijing -- fail formally to sign up.
U.S. President Barack Obama's provisional offer of a 17
percent emissions cut below 2005 levels by 2020 -- or 4 percent
below the U.N. benchmark year of 1990 -- may be harder to
achieve after the Democrats lost a key Senate seat this week.
China, India, South Africa and Brazil will meet in New Delhi
Among those with most ambitious goals, Norway said before
Copenhagen it would cut emissions by 30 percent by 2020, and
might go to 40 percent. "Norway will submit its number by the
deadline, but we have not decided the level of ambition,"
environment ministry spokeswoman Tone Hertzberg said.
(Additional reporting by Pete Harrison in Brussels; Editing
by Elizabeth Fullerton)
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