* Controversial businessman sells asset for 300 times
* Congo and Angola to collaborate in development of offshore
* Company defends deal as beneficial to Congo, campaigners
criticise lack of transparency
By Peter Jones
KINSHASA, Jan 23 Israeli billionaire businessman
Dan Gertler sold one of his Congo-based oil companies to the
government last year for $150 million - 300 times the amount
paid for the oil rights - in a deal criticised by transparency
Gertler, an influential figure in Democratic Republic of
Congo's mining and oil sectors with close links to the Kinshasa
government, denies any wrongdoing in the sale of Nessergy Ltd,
which paid a $500,000 signing bonus for its block in 2006.
The block lies near some of neighbouring Angola's most
productive oilfields. At the time it was acquired by Nessergy,
the block was located in an area at the heart of a maritime
border dispute between Kinshasa and Luanda.
However, the two countries have since created a zone of
common economic interest in an attempt to settle the border row.
Last year, Congo sought to buy back the rights from Nessergy to
allow it to negotiate a new production sharing agreement with
Angolan state oil company, Sonangol.
According to the contract for the April 2013 transaction
seen by Reuters, Sonangol financed the deal, paying Gertler's
Fleurette Group $150 million for the rights to the block. Congo
will repay Sonangol out of future oil revenue.
Fluerette has been paid the fee but cannot access the money
until a deal between the national oil companies of Congo and
Angola is finalised.
A Fleurette representative said no major drilling had taken
place in the Nessergy block due to disputes over development
rights. He said the $500,000 signing bonus was the standard
amount companies paid to Congo for oil rights at the time the
contract was agreed.
The company said the value of its rights increased
dramatically after oil was discovered on the nearby Menongue
field in Angolan waters in 2007.
TARGET OF CRITICISM
Campaign group Global Witness, however, said Nessergy's
block was always likely to hold significant oil reserves given
its proximity to Angolan discoveries totalling around 10 billion
"In a 2005-06 licensing round signature bonuses for these
blocks ranged from $900 million to $1.1 billion," the campaigner
said in a statement, referring to the nearby Angolan acreage.
Global Witness also criticised the Congolese government for
not publishing the deal within 60 days as required by the law.
Because Nessergy was incorporated in tax havens where owners
are not obliged to divulge their identity, it is unclear who
owns the minority holding not belonging to Gertler, and
therefore who else benefits from the sale, the campaigner said.
"Global Witness is calling for an end to secrecy over
beneficial ownership internationally, as an essential step in
the fight against corruption," the campaigner said.
Gertler's mining companies have been the target of
transparency campaigners in the past. Between 2010 and 2012 they
obtained a number properties for sums widely considered to be
generous, before selling them on for large profits.
According to the Africa Progress Panel, headed by Kofi
Annan, Congo lost out on at least $1.36 billion in potential tax
revenue in five deals with Gertler during this period.
Fleurette however stands by the deals. It said the Panel's
criticism failed to "take into account a series of other factors
which will impact the value of an asset, or simply state the
wrong value of the transaction."
The Gertler-controlled group insisted the Nessergy deal was
good for Congo. It said that joint production with Angola will
earn the cash-strapped central African nation between $1.3
billion and $3.6 billion.
(Writing by Joe Bavier; Editing by Daniel Flynn, editing by