MUMBAI, Dec 30 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - One of
Mumbai's best known colleges has banned female students from
wearing ripped jeans, sparking the latest row against dress
codes and curfews imposed on women that students say are
discriminatory and sexist.
St. Xavier's College, which had previously forbidden female
students from wearing shorts, sleeveless tops and short dresses,
this month added ripped jeans to its list of banned clothing.
The Jesuit institution became the latest to incur the wrath
of female students across the country who have been protesting
rules that they say are discriminatory and distressing.
Most universities in India have a 6 pm or 8 pm curfew for
women, while men have a later timing, or no curfew. Universities
also impose dress codes on women, limit or screen their male
visitors, and have other rules that men don't.
"In the name of safety, you can't police women and impose
these patriarchal, discriminatory rules," said Devangana Kalita,
a former Delhi University student who is part of Pinjra Tod, or
break the cage, a Delhi-wide campaign protesting such rules.
"We want universities to recognise that we are adults, and
that they should not be curbing our freedom and mobility.
Providing a safe environment for women goes beyond just imposing
rules," she said.
Calls to staff at St. Xavier's College for a comment on the
recent ban were not returned.
The Dean of Student Welfare in Delhi University, J.M.
Khurana, said he was not aware of Pinjra Tod and that he did not
wish to comment on university rules.
The safety of women in India came under the spotlight after
the fatal gang rape of a college student in New Delhi on a bus
in December 2012 that sparked global outrage and led to the
tightening of laws for crimes against women in India.
Amid a widening debate on women's safety in the country,
some politicians, university officials and even the police have
asked women to take self-defence training, to "dress decently"
and to not loiter outside after dark.
But students have demanded an end to curfews, and asked
officials to focus instead on safer public transport, more
female campus security personnel and better lighting in and
Kalita said early curfews are keeping women from
internships, employment opportunities and campus activities.
"Universities say: 'your parents want the curfew'. But it's
an absurd argument," Kalita said.
Elsewhere, particularly in the more conservative southern
states, the situation is worse, said Vandana Venkatesh, who
surveyed colleges in Tamil Nadu state earlier this year.
Women students reported physical intimidation and threats of
violence from college authorities for questioning discriminatory
rules, she said.
"Many of them complained about feeling claustrophobic,
anxious and belittled," she said.
Earlier this month, women students in a college in the
southern state of Kerala protested the hostel's 4 pm curfew and
a rule banning mobile phones.
"There is a sense of collective strength and power now. The
more women there are out on the streets, in public places, the
safer we will be," Kalita said.
(Reporting by Rina Chandran @rinachandran, Editing by Belinda
Goldsmith; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the
charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian
news, women's rights, trafficking, corruption and climate
change. Visit news.trust.org to see more stories.)