* To protect people NATO can pressure Gaddafi - Turkey
* Gaddafi's test: implementing a ceasefire
* Turkey wants peaceful transformation of region
* Test for Syria's Assad; making promised reforms
By Simon Cameron-Moore
LONDON, March 29 NATO should use its muscle when
needed to ensure forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi stop attacks on
civilians and implement a ceasefire, Turkey's Foreign Minister
Ahmet Davutoglu warned before a London conference on Libya.
"For that purpose, of course, there should be more
pressure," Davutoglu told journalists who accompanied him to
Britain for Tuesday's meeting.
Protecting the Libyan people so they can choose their own
future is a bigger priority than forcing Gaddafi from power, he
Agreement on NATO taking full control of military operations
over Libya had been delayed by Turkish concerns about civilian
Davutoglu said he expected technical preparations for NATO
to take over the mission to be completed in one or two days.
U.S. President Barack Obama said in a televised speech on Libya
that NATO would take over full command from American forces on
More than 40 governments and international organisations
were due to gather later on Tuesday to discuss humanitarian aid
and lay groundwork for a post-Gaddafi Libya.
The Turkish minister hinted that Gaddafi could make the
final outcome less hard on himself if he implemented a truce.
"Of course, if there is a ceasefire it will be a test for
him," Davutoglu said. "If he respects a ceasefire and if he
stops attacking civilians, then other things should follow
Davutoglu had been in Baghdad on Monday as part of a
delegation led by Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan to build
Turkey's political and economic ties with Iraq.
"The people of Iraq suffered a lot, and we should get a
lesson out of this," Davutoglu said.
Many more dead civilians, a dangerous power vacuum and
Libya's break up were potential scenarios unless lessons from
Iraq and Afghanistan were learned, Davutoglu said.
This time, he said, there must be an end game.
"In Iraq and Afghanistan, we had the experience of a
military operation without a political objective," Davutoglu
The only major Muslim member of NATO, Turkey has cultivated
strong relationships with fellow Muslim countries in the region
under Erdogan, while ties with former friend Israel have soured.
Turning to the unrest and killing of protesters in
neighbouring Syria, Davutoglu said Erdogan had spoken twice to
President Bashar al-Assad in the past three days.
"A successful political transformation or reform of Syria is
very important," Davutoglu said. "That's also a test."
"They must achieve transformation in a peaceful manner," he
said. "Our message is strong and clear."