* Fed pledges to be patient on withdrawing stimulus
* Wall St racks up biggest daily gain this year
* Treasury yields jump, give U.S. dollar a boost
By Wayne Cole
SYDNEY, Dec 18 (Reuters) - Asian shares rallied on Thursday after U.S. stocks enjoyed their strongest session this year when the Federal Reserve sounded upbeat on the economy and promised to be patient in removing policy stimulus.
The jitters of recent days also calmed a touch as Russia managed to stabilise its rouble, if only for now, and oil prices eked out a rare bounce. As risk aversion ebbed, U.S. bond yields rose and the dollar regained some lost ground.
In Asia, Nikkei futures were pointing to an opening increase of at least 1 percent, while stocks in Australia climbed 1.1 percent. MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan was flat.
Wall Street rebounded after three days of declines after the Fed said it would adopt a "patient" approach to raising interest rates.
Equity investors seemed content that any move would be cautious and drove the Dow up 1.69 percent. The S&P 500 gained 2.04 percent and the Nasdaq 2.12 percent.
Bond investors were less enthused as some had thought the downward spiral in oil combined with low inflation, economic weakness globally and the Russian financial crisis would lead the Fed to push out the likely timing of the first hike.
Instead, Fed Chair Janet Yellen played down the impact of oil and falling inflation expectations, while policy members kept their outlook for rates unchanged.
As a result, Treasuries erased an early rally and yields on two-year paper jumped 10 basis points from the day's trough to stand at 0.617 percent.
Still, longer-term yields remain low historically, as do market based measures of expected inflation. Data out on Wednesday showed consumer prices fell 0.3 percent in November, the biggest drop in six months, as fuel costs fell.
As a result, investors continue to wager that any tightening will proceed at a snail's pace. Fed fund futures <0#FF:> currently imply a rate of 0.56 percent by the end of 2015, while the median forecast by Fed members is 1.25 percent.
The rise in yields was enough to revive U.S. dollar bulls after a few days of caution and the currency climbed to 118.92 yen from a low of 116.29.
The euro retreated to $1.2336, after being as high as $1.2515 at one stage on Wednesday, while the U.S. dollar index gained 1 percent for the day.
The single currency also took a hit when European Central Bank board member Benoit Coeure said there was support on the bank's policymaking council for more action, with sovereign bond purchases the "baseline option".
In commodity markets, oil prices were mixed after some wild swings on Wednesday. Brent was up 63 cents at $60.64, but had been as high as $68.71 at one stage.
U.S. crude was quoted 36 cents lower at $56.11 having been as high as $58.98 on Wednesday. (Editing by Shri Navaratnam)