SEOUL May 9 South Korean liberal human rights
lawyer Moon Jae-in won the presidency in an election on Tuesday,
exit polls showed, ending nine years of conservative rule.
Following are some of Moon's policy positions and promises
he made during the campaign:
Moon has outlined a more moderate approach to North Korea
and aims to revive a "sunshine policy" of engagement, pledging
to ease tension and work to denuclearise the Korean peninsula by
reviving six-party talks - involving the two Koreas, China, the
United States, Russia and Japan. He also aims to expand economic
and social exchange between the two Koreas. Moon has said he
would meet North Korean leader Kim Jong Un if a summit could
help ease tension.
Moon aims to reform the chaebols, the family-run
conglomerates that dominate Asia's fourth-biggest economy. He
says the chaebols stifle smaller companies and are detrimental
to the economy and has called for transparency and democratic
management. But there are questions about how radical his
reforms might be and how far he will go in addressing the
demands of the chaebols' critics, who urge sharply higher
corporate taxes or even dismantling of the conglomerates. Moon
has said he will restrict presidential pardons for chaebol
founding members in jail, and force chaebol to relinquish
control of financial firms to cut inappropriate funding from
financial affiliates to other related businesses.
Moon has pledged to strengthen diplomatic and economic
cooperation with main allies and neighbours the United States,
China, Japan and Russia.
At the same time, he has promised a "National Interest
First" approach and wrote in a book published in January that
South Korea should learn to "say no to America".
Moon said the new administration should make a final
decision on the deployment of a U.S. anti-missile system known
as Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD). Moon will also
seek a summit with China to resolve a dispute over the system,
which China sees as a threat to its security.
He has also vowed to enhance a self-reliant defence
capability. Plans include the transfer of wartime operational
control of the South Korean military from the United States
during his presidency and the early deployment of a pre-emptive
strike system "Kill Chain", and a homegrown missile defence
system called Korea Air and Missile Defense.
Moon said he will push immediately for a supplementary
budget to create jobs. He has said the budget could rise by more
than 10 trillion won ($8.80 billion) from a current 400.5
trillion won approved for this year. He said he would aim to
boost investment in 10 key sectors.
Moon says he expects to create, on average, more than
500,000 new jobs a year. He aims to create 810,000 jobs in the
public sector during his five-year term, including 514,000 in
service sectors across welfare agencies, schools and in police
stations. Some temporary positions at public agencies will be
turned into regular positions, to improve working conditions and
He has promised to increase the minimum wage to 10,000 won
($8.83) an hour by 2020, from 6,470 won. He has also called for
a cut in working hours to about 1,800 a year, from an average of
2,113 hours as of 2015.
Moon has pledged to raise the basic pension to 300,000 won
($265) a month from a maximum of 206,050 won, from the age of
65. The pension will be given out to 70 percent of the elderly
classified as low-income. He also pledged to double a subsidy
given to mothers in the first six months of maternity leave to
up to 2 million won ($1,757) a month, from 1 million won.
Moon has pledged to phase out coal and nuclear energy to
address public concerns over air pollution and safety, and has
set a target to increase the share of renewables to 20 percent
of total power generation by 2030.
Moon promised to relocate the presidential office to a
government complex in central Seoul, in an overhaul of
presidential powers. He argues that the seclusion of the
presidential complex known as the Blue House prevents
communication with the public. He says he will fully disclose
his day-by-day schedule to ensure the public knows what their
president is doing.
($1 = 1,135.7200 won)
(Reporting by Cynthia Kim and Jane Chung; Additional reporting
by Ju-min Park; Editing by Robert Birsel)