LONDON (Reuters) - Prime Minister David Cameron will block any attempts to give the European Union a bigger role in co-ordinating the bloc’s defence policy when he attends a meeting of EU leaders this week, a British official said on Wednesday.
The EU is debating how to strengthen its arms sector and bolster a common defence policy across the 28-nation bloc, possibly by encouraging co-operation on big military projects.
But Britain fears any changes would undermine NATO, threaten its own defence industry, and encroach on powers traditionally held nationally rather than at the EU level.
Cameron, under pressure from anti-EU members of his Conservative Party to be seen to stand up to the bloc, will say NATO must remain the most important Western military alliance and will resist any talk of combined EU armed forces.
”The prime minister will be making clear the primacy of NATO. We see NATO as the bedrock of our collective defence,“ a British official said. ”Any EU action should be complementary to that, but not duplicating it.
“We should be very clear that defence is a member state competence and we don’t want to see an extension of EU action in this area.”
The European Commission, the EU’s executive body, has traditionally left defence policy to individual states. But in July it set out ideas to improve co-operation and competition in a Europe-wide defence sector that was worth 96 billion euros (£80 billion) in 2012.
Britain will oppose any changes that threaten its defence industry, which employs 100,000 people and has a turnover of 22 billion pounds a year. Its exports were worth 8.8 billion pounds in 2012.
Cameron is also keen to avoid any Europe-wide defence policies that British eurosceptics would condemn as a politically motivated step towards further EU integration.
His Conservative Party, behind in the polls before a 2015 election, faces a challenge from the UK Independence Party, which wants to leave the EU and tighten immigration laws.
Cameron has promised to renegotiate Britain’s ties with the EU before holding a referendum by 2017 on whether to remain in the bloc, provided he wins the election.
The European Council summit on Thursday and Friday will deal with defence for the first time in five years. EU leaders are trying to promote defence cooperation in four areas.
EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said in October that members should work together on drones, air-to-air refuelling, satellite communications and cyber defence.
“What the EU does do should be focused on practical action, facilitating what member states may want or choose to do together,” the British official added.
Editing by Alison Williams