WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Legislation easily passed the U.S. House of Representatives on Wednesday to avert another partisan budget battle and a possible government shutdown, as President Barack Obama also opened new lines of communication with Republicans.
By a vote of 267-151, the House passed a measure to fund government programs up until the end of the fiscal year on September 30. The Democratic-controlled Senate is expected to pass a similar bill next week.
Without such legislation federal agencies would run out of money on March 27.
The bill to continue funding the government without last-minute drama came as Obama took the unusual step of inviting Republican senators to dinner Wednesday night at a Washington hotel a few blocks from the White House.
In another bipartisan gesture, Republican Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell said that at his suggestion, Obama will join Republicans for a lunch on Capitol Hill on March 14.
The meetings, whether or not they produce results, depart from what has been an at best stand-offish relationship between Obama and Congress.
They suggest that Obama and Republicans are getting the message that public patience with Washington is wearing thin, particularly as Americans read of inconveniences they may soon confront at airports and elsewhere as a result of across-the-board cuts to the federal budget that kicked in Friday after lawmakers and the White House failed to agree on an alternative.
"This is the first indication in really a long time that the president is willing to exert leadership and bring people together and that's exactly what needs to be done," said Republican Senator Susan Collins of Maine, who has spoken by phone in recent days with Obama.
At the heart of the bitter U.S. budget dispute are deep differences over how to rein in growth of the $16.7 trillion (11.1 trillion pounds) federal debt. Obama wants to narrow the fiscal gap with spending cuts and tax hikes. Republicans do not want to concede again on taxes after doing so in negotiations over the "fiscal cliff" at the New Year.
Despite the scheduled dinners and meetings and the vote on funding the government, few expect those differences to be resolved any time soon.
Some Republicans remain sceptical of Obama's overtures. "This president has been exceptional is his lack of consultation and outreach to Congress," said Senator John Cornyn of Texas, the second-ranking Senate Republican.
Cornyn, like Collins, was not invited to dinner with Obama, but he warned that talk of tax increases would be unwelcome. "I don't know if the purpose of the meeting is social or if he has an agenda. But if it is about raising taxes, we're done."
While Republicans have taken most of the beating in surveys in connection with the so-called "sequestration," a Reuters/Ipsos online poll released on Wednesday showed 43 percent of people approve of Obama's handling of his job, down 7 percentage points from February 19.
Confounding the White House's efforts to blame Republicans for the cuts, most respondents in the online survey hold both Democrats and Republicans responsible.
As recently as February, Republicans were threatening to use the bill to fund the government, called a "continuing resolution," to extract spending cuts from the White House.
Instead, the bill they fashioned, which passed on Wednesday, embraced the $85 billion in automatic spending cuts that were triggered last Friday, while providing some additional spending flexibility to the military and other security operations.
Republican Representative Tom Cole of Oklahoma said his party would like to shift the cuts to other areas of the budget, noting that there are 20,000 military employees in his Oklahoma district.
"We'll sit down and renegotiate where they should come from," Cole said in the House floor debate. "We think we've got some great ideas, but they (the cuts) are going to occur. They're the first and appropriate step for getting our fiscal house back in order."
Many Democrats in the Republican-controlled House voted against the funding bill because it would not give the Obama administration flexibility in carrying out the new, automatic spending cuts for domestic programs such as education. Last month, Democrats had sought to replace about half of the automatic spending cuts with tax hikes on the rich.
"This bill falls short in a number of areas, but most of all because it does nothing to prevent the loss of 750,000 jobs that will result because of the sequester," said Representative Chris Van Hollen, the top Democrat on the House Budget Committee.
Obama is also trying to get Republican cooperation for comprehensive immigration reform and legislation to reduce the level of gun violence in the United States.
Additional reporting by Susan Heavey, Thomas Ferraro and Rachelle Younglai; Editing by Fred Barbash and David Brunnstrom