NEW YORK (Reuters) - Oil prices steadied on Friday after touching three-month lows during a week-long selloff fueled by a persistent global supply glut, bringing the monthly decline to nearly 15 percent, the biggest monthly loss in a year for U.S. crude.
Slower economic growth and high inventories of crude and refined oil products have driven Brent and U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures to bear market territory, 20 percent below their 2016 highs.
The two benchmarks matched April lows on Friday before their most actively traded contracts settled up on what traders said was short-covering by investors taking profit on bearish bets.
Hedge funds, some of the biggest bulls in oil, slashed their positive bets on U.S. crude to a five-month low during the week to July 26, while holding a record net short, or bearish position, on gasoline, data showed.
The dollar's drop to a three-week low .DXY also made greenback-denominated oil more affordable to holders of the euro and other currencies.
The September Brent contract LCOU6, which expired as the front-month, settled at $42.46 a barrel, down 0.6 percent on the day and 14.5 percent lower on the month. That was the biggest monthly drop for Brent since December.
Brent's more actively traded October contract LCOV6 rose 30 cents to settle at $43.53, after hitting $42.52, its lowest since April 19.
WTI's front-month contract, September CLU6, rose 46 cents, or 1 percent, to settle at $41.60 a barrel, after slipping below $41 for the first time since April 20. The contract notched a monthly decline of 14 percent, the biggest for a WTI front-month since July 2015.
Crude prices remained up more than 55 percent from 12-year lows of $26 to $27 hit in the first quarter. The recovery faded after prices above $45 enticed U.S. oil drillers to return to the well pad. Drillers added 44 rigs in July, the most in a month since April 2014.
Cheap crude has led refiners to produce more fuel worldwide, adding to the oversupplied market. Oil majors Exxon Mobil Corp (XOM.N), BP Plc (BP.L), Royal Dutch Shell Plc (RDSa.L) and Chevron Corp (CVX.N) each had a poor second quarter because of weak refining margins.
"Doubts are rife as to whether the oil supply imbalance is indeed slowly drawing to an end," said Stephen Brennock, of London-based oil brokers PVM.
Some traders said oil could see technical support in the near-term after Brent and WTI fell below their 200-day moving averages on Friday.
Analysts in a Reuters survey said they expected higher oil prices this year based on growth in demand.
"We are maintaining a bearish posture while at the same time suggesting that additional crude price declines of around $4 a barrel from current levels could require a few more weeks," said Jim Ritterbusch of Chicago-based oil markets consultancy Ritterbusch & Associates.
Additional reporting by Devika Krishna Kumar in New York and Libby George in London; Editing by Marguerita Choy, Steve Orlofsky and David Gregorio