ROME (Reuters) - The European Union launched a 105 million euro ($142.05 million) restoration of the Roman city of Pompeii on Wednesday, and said it would seek to protect conservation funds from the mafia.
The project began a day after police arrested a restorer on suspicion of pocketing hugely inflated fees for work at the crumbling world heritage site that was declared to be in a state of emergency in 2008 due to its deterioration.
The money will pay for a new drainage system, the reinforcement of some structures and staff training, and includes "a variety of measures to protect itself from the influence of organized crime - the Camorra - which infects many parts of the region," the European Commission said.
The Camorra is the local mafia which thrives on trafficking, extortion, and government contract frauds in and around Naples, the largest city in southern Italy, 25 km (15 miles) from Pompeii.
Police are investigating former managers at Pompeii whom they suspect of paying inflated prices for restoration work. One contract originally priced at 449,882 euros ended up costing almost 5 million euros, and many works were not essential, prosecutors said.
Italy declared a state of emergency in Pompeii in 2008 after archaeologists complained about poor upkeep, mismanagement and lack of investment.
The town, buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius volcano in 79 AD until its rediscovery in 1748, attracts 2.3 million tourists a year, but suffered further serious damage in torrential rainfall in 2011.
The EU's regional fund spent 7.7 million euro on restoration at Pompeii from 2000-2006, but today just five individual sites are open due to damage, compared to 64 in 1956.
EU Regional Affairs Commissioner Johannes Hahn said he had taken an interest in launching the restoration plan since the 2010 collapse of the House of the Gladiators, used by the warriors before fights in the nearby amphitheatre.
Organized crime generates an annual turnover of 140 billion euros in Italy, according to a 2012 study by anti-crime group SOS Impresa, generating profits equivalent to 7 percent of Italy's national output.
The EU did not say how it would prevent mafia involvement in future restoration projects at the site.
Underlining the fragile state of parts of Italy's vast artistic heritage, a piece of a 16th century fresco fell from the ceiling of the Uffizi gallery in Florence on Wednesday during maintenance work in one of the museum corridors.
A museum statement said the restoration operation would take around 10 days.
Reporting by Naomi O'Leary; Editing by Robin Pomeroy