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Pictures | Sat Feb 18, 2017 | 2:15am GMT

The internment of Japanese-Americans

First-graders, some of Japanese ancestry, pledge allegiance to the American flag at the Weill public school in San Francisco, April 1942. The children of Japanese ancestry would be housed in war relocation authority centers for the duration of the war. This week marks the 75th anniversary of FDR signing executive order 9066, authorizing the internment of Japanese Americans during World War Two.


Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

First-graders, some of Japanese ancestry, pledge allegiance to the American flag at the Weill public school in San Francisco, April 1942. The children of Japanese ancestry would be housed in war relocation authority centers for the duration of the...more

First-graders, some of Japanese ancestry, pledge allegiance to the American flag at the Weill public school in San Francisco, April 1942. The children of Japanese ancestry would be housed in war relocation authority centers for the duration of the war. This week marks the 75th anniversary of FDR signing executive order 9066, authorizing the internment of Japanese Americans during World War Two. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress
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A large sign reading "I am an American," placed in the window of a store the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, at 13th and Franklin streets in Oakland. The store was later closed following executive orders that persons of Japanese descent evacuate from certain West Coast areas. The owner, a University of California graduate, was housed in War Relocation Authority center for the duration of the war. 


Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

A large sign reading "I am an American," placed in the window of a store the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, at 13th and Franklin streets in Oakland. The store was later closed following executive orders that persons of Japanese descent...more

A large sign reading "I am an American," placed in the window of a store the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, at 13th and Franklin streets in Oakland. The store was later closed following executive orders that persons of Japanese descent evacuate from certain West Coast areas. The owner, a University of California graduate, was housed in War Relocation Authority center for the duration of the war. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress
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Members of the Japanese Independent Congregational Church, attending Easter services prior to evacuation of persons of Japanese ancestry, pose for a portrait in Oakland, April 1942. 


Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Members of the Japanese Independent Congregational Church, attending Easter services prior to evacuation of persons of Japanese ancestry, pose for a portrait in Oakland, April 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Members of the Japanese Independent Congregational Church, attending Easter services prior to evacuation of persons of Japanese ancestry, pose for a portrait in Oakland, April 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress
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Residents of Japanese ancestry line up for registration in San Francisco, April 1942. 

Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Residents of Japanese ancestry line up for registration in San Francisco, April 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Residents of Japanese ancestry line up for registration in San Francisco, April 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress
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An early comer, part of the first contingent of 664 residents of Japanese ancestry to be evacuated from San Francisco, waits to board a bus to a relocation area, June 1942. 


Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

An early comer, part of the first contingent of 664 residents of Japanese ancestry to be evacuated from San Francisco, waits to board a bus to a relocation area, June 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

An early comer, part of the first contingent of 664 residents of Japanese ancestry to be evacuated from San Francisco, waits to board a bus to a relocation area, June 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress
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Residents of Japanese ancestry await the bus at the Wartime Civil Control station in San Francisco, April 1942. 



Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Residents of Japanese ancestry await the bus at the Wartime Civil Control station in San Francisco, April 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Residents of Japanese ancestry await the bus at the Wartime Civil Control station in San Francisco, April 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress
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A young evacuee of Japanese ancestry waits with the family baggage before leaving by bus for an assembly center in California, April 1942. 


Clem Albers/National Archives

A young evacuee of Japanese ancestry waits with the family baggage before leaving by bus for an assembly center in California, April 1942. Clem Albers/National Archives

A young evacuee of Japanese ancestry waits with the family baggage before leaving by bus for an assembly center in California, April 1942. Clem Albers/National Archives
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Residents of Japanese ancestry line up for registration in San Francisco, April 1942. 


Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Residents of Japanese ancestry line up for registration in San Francisco, April 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Residents of Japanese ancestry line up for registration in San Francisco, April 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress
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Part of the first contingent of 664 residents of Japanese ancestry to be evacuated from San Francisco, await the bus outside the Wartime Civil Control station in San Francisco, June 1942. 

Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Part of the first contingent of 664 residents of Japanese ancestry to be evacuated from San Francisco, await the bus outside the Wartime Civil Control station in San Francisco, June 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Part of the first contingent of 664 residents of Japanese ancestry to be evacuated from San Francisco, await the bus outside the Wartime Civil Control station in San Francisco, June 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress
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Baggage belonging to evacuees of Japanese ancestry sits at an assembly center in Salinas, California, April to July 1942. 

Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Baggage belonging to evacuees of Japanese ancestry sits at an assembly center in Salinas, California, April to July 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

Baggage belonging to evacuees of Japanese ancestry sits at an assembly center in Salinas, California, April to July 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress
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A dust storm at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, July 1942.


Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

A dust storm at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, July 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress

A dust storm at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, July 1942. Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress
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People of Japanese ancestry load a bus heading to the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. 

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

People of Japanese ancestry load a bus heading to the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

People of Japanese ancestry load a bus heading to the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Tsurutani and baby Bruce at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. 

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Tsurutani and baby Bruce at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Tsurutani and baby Bruce at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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Spectators watch a baseball game at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943.

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10

Spectators watch a baseball game at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10

Spectators watch a baseball game at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10
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Toyo Miyatake stands in his children's bedroom looking at his young daughter drawing at a desk, while her mother stands behind her, at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943.

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Toyo Miyatake stands in his children's bedroom looking at his young daughter drawing at a desk, while her mother stands behind her, at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs...more

Toyo Miyatake stands in his children's bedroom looking at his young daughter drawing at a desk, while her mother stands behind her, at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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A nurse tends to four infants in cribs at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943.

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

A nurse tends to four infants in cribs at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

A nurse tends to four infants in cribs at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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Mrs. Ryie Yoshizawa and a class of female students sit at a table looking at fashion magazines and patterns at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943.

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Mrs. Ryie Yoshizawa and a class of female students sit at a table looking at fashion magazines and patterns at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division,...more

Mrs. Ryie Yoshizawa and a class of female students sit at a table looking at fashion magazines and patterns at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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Three school children stand against a wall at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. 



Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10

Three school children stand against a wall at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10

Three school children stand against a wall at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10
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Students seated in a classroom laboratory listen to a science instructor at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. 

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Students seated in a classroom laboratory listen to a science instructor at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Students seated in a classroom laboratory listen to a science instructor at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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Benji Iguchi drives a tractor in a field at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943.

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Benji Iguchi drives a tractor in a field at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Benji Iguchi drives a tractor in a field at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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Mrs. Yaeko Nakamura holds hands with her two daughters Joyce Yuki Nakamura and Louise Tami Nakamura while walking under a pavilion in a park at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. 

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Mrs. Yaeko Nakamura holds hands with her two daughters Joyce Yuki Nakamura and Louise Tami Nakamura while walking under a pavilion in a park at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and...more

Mrs. Yaeko Nakamura holds hands with her two daughters Joyce Yuki Nakamura and Louise Tami Nakamura while walking under a pavilion in a park at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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A mess line is formed in front of a building at midday at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. 

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

A mess line is formed in front of a building at midday at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

A mess line is formed in front of a building at midday at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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Sumiko Shigematsu supervises a row of women seated at sewing machines at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. 

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Sumiko Shigematsu supervises a row of women seated at sewing machines at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Sumiko Shigematsu supervises a row of women seated at sewing machines at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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Driver Benji Iguchi looks on as mechanic Henry Hanawa repairs a tractor engine at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943.

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Driver Benji Iguchi looks on as mechanic Henry Hanawa repairs a tractor engine at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Driver Benji Iguchi looks on as mechanic Henry Hanawa repairs a tractor engine at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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M. Ogi, S. Sugimoto, and Bunkichi Hayashi stand among shelves with boxes in a warehouse at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. 


Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10

M. Ogi, S. Sugimoto, and Bunkichi Hayashi stand among shelves with boxes in a warehouse at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10

M. Ogi, S. Sugimoto, and Bunkichi Hayashi stand among shelves with boxes in a warehouse at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10
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A bird's-eye view of grounds from the guard tower, showing buildings, roads, and the Sierra Nevada mountains in the background at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943.

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

A bird's-eye view of grounds from the guard tower, showing buildings, roads, and the Sierra Nevada mountains in the background at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs...more

A bird's-eye view of grounds from the guard tower, showing buildings, roads, and the Sierra Nevada mountains in the background at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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Three young women, Kiyo Yoshida, Lillian Wakatsuki and Yoshiko Yamasaki, sit in a biology classroom at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943.


Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10

Three young women, Kiyo Yoshida, Lillian Wakatsuki and Yoshiko Yamasaki, sit in a biology classroom at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10

Three young women, Kiyo Yoshida, Lillian Wakatsuki and Yoshiko Yamasaki, sit in a biology classroom at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10
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Florence Kuwata during baton practice at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. 

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Florence Kuwata during baton practice at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Florence Kuwata during baton practice at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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Roy Takeno, standing, addresses a group of men gathered for a town hall meeting at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943.

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Roy Takeno, standing, addresses a group of men gathered for a town hall meeting at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

Roy Takeno, standing, addresses a group of men gathered for a town hall meeting at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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A marble monument with an inscription reads "Monument for the Pacification of Spirits" in the cemetery at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. 

Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS

A marble monument with an inscription reads "Monument for the Pacification of Spirits" in the cemetery at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division,...more

A marble monument with an inscription reads "Monument for the Pacification of Spirits" in the cemetery at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, 1943. Ansel Adams/Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-10/Handout via REUTERS
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