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UPDATE 5-Brazil's economy stalls as consumers retreat
December 6, 2011 / 11:22 AM / 6 years ago

UPDATE 5-Brazil's economy stalls as consumers retreat

 * Brazil Q3 GDP stalls as euro debt crisis widens
 * Central bank, gov't have already eased policy
 * Consumption, investment both fall on quarter
 (Adds details, context, changes byline)
 By Luciana Lopez and Stuart Grudgings
 SAO PAULO/RIO DE JANEIRO, Dec 6 (Reuters) - Brazil's
economy stalled in the third quarter as the euro zone debt
crisis dragged on global demand and the country's increasingly
indebted consumers retreated after nearly three years of
buoyant spending.
 Latin America's biggest economy posted zero growth from the
previous quarter, the government said on Tuesday, a sharp
slowdown from breakneck annual growth of 7.5 percent in 2010
that far outstripped developed nations.
 The downturn has moved to the top of the agenda for
President Dilma Rousseff, who is trying to tame inflation
without derailing the boom that has lifted more than 25 million
people out of poverty in the last decade and made Brazil a rare
bright spot in an otherwise grim global economy.
 Brazil's third-quarter slowdown hit sectors that had been
roaring ahead, with consumer spending - about 60 percent of the
economy - slumping for the first time since the end of 2008.
 Capital spending fell, as did the industrial sector, which
has struggled for much of this year because of a strong local
currency, which has opened the floodgates to cheap imports,
especially from China.
 "The most shocking aspect of the number was the fact that
all demand components contracted," said Mauricio Rosal, chief
economist at Raymond James & Associates in Sao Paulo.
 "The reversal ... is very worrisome, and the worst is that
there's not much that can be done about it - we depend on a
solution to the problems in Europe."
 The cooling economy has hit a broad swath of Brazil: Auto
output plunged in September as carmakers idled factories to
whittle down high stocks, steel mills have been slowing
production as a glut in the market depresses prices, and job
creation has also slowed sharply, with the government admitting
it likely won't meet its target for the year.
 The Brazilian economy is expected to grow about 3 percent
this year - better than crisis-hit Europe but well behind the
pace of other big emerging markets such as India and China.
 The government said the slowdown was temporary, predicting
that growth would pick up in the fourth quarter and in 2012.
 "We have the situation under control, in contrast to other
countries, where growth is falling because of a fundamental
lack of market," Finance Minister Guido Mantega said.
 Brazil GDP graphic:
 Interest rate graphic:
 The government sees growth around 5 percent next year, with
the central bank saying in a statement that the country is in a
sustained cycle of expansion despite the flat third quarter.
 But many analysts say that's unrealistic. With high
inflation limiting government efforts to boost growth, spiking
default rates and creaking infrastructure, Brazil's problems go
beyond a gloomy global outlook.
 The zero growth was in line with a Reuters poll of 25
analysts. [ID:nE5E7M401F] The economy grew 2.1 percent in the
third quarter from the year-ago period, IBGE said, below
expectations of 2.4 percent in the Reuters poll.
 Citing concerns about the global financial turmoil,
Brazil's central bank has cut interest rates three times since
August. The government also announced a slew of tax breaks last
week to support consumption, reprising policies in the wake of
the 2008 financial crisis. [ID:nN1E7B001T]
 But Brazil has little room for further fiscal stimulus. The
annual inflation rate has been stuck above a 6.5 percent target
ceiling since April even as the economy cools.
 Concerns about overheating also prompted the central bank
to hike interest rates five times earlier this year by a total
of 1.75 percentage points before it reversed course in August.
 That tightening, along with other measures to prevent
overheating, came right before an unexpected worsening in major
economies, the sum of which helped brake Brazil abruptly.
 Monthly data from October and November suggest the slowdown
is continuing and even deepening as the euro zone crisis hurts
demand for Brazil's commodity-heavy exports, about a fifth of
which go to the European Union.
 Export demand was a rare bright spot in Tuesday's data, up
1.8 percent, in part helped by a weaker Brazil real BRBY,
which shed 16 percent of its value in the third quarter.
 But that still marked slower export growth from 2.3 percent
in the previous three months. The huge agriculture sector,
often referred to as the "green anchor" of Brazil's economy,
grew 3.2 percent from the previous quarter.
 "That actually ends up being worrying - having GDP
dependent on trade in current conditions," said Mauricio
Nakahodo, an economist with CM Capital Markets.
 Adding to the grim tone, the IBGE revised down growth data
from the start of the year: to 0.7 percent in the second
quarter from the first - down from 0.8 percent - and to 0.8
percent in the first quarter, down from 1.2 percent.
 Brazilian consumers could be approaching the limit of their
credit-fueled spending spree of recent years. Their spending
fell by 0.1 percent in the third quarter from the second.
 The industrial sector also shrank, down 0.9 percent in the
period, and capital spending fell 0.2 percent.
  (For the IBGE report, please see:
  (Additional reporting by Guillermo Parra-Bernal in Sao Paulo
and Alonso Soto and Tiago Pariz in Brasilia; Editing by Todd
Benson and Andrew Hay)

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