December 17, 2009 / 1:00 PM / 10 years ago

FACTBOX-EU planned carbon capture and storage projects

 LONDON, Dec 17 (Reuters) - Britain is to fund four demonstration carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects by 2020 in its efforts to reduce carbon emissions, finance minister Alistair Darling has said. [ID:nGEE5B81L0]
 But technical issues still remain, such as carbon capture and storage (CCS) fitted power plants ramping up and down to meet peak power demand. [ID:nGEE5B8123]
 Germany’s RWE (RWEG.DE) has also decided not to submit an application to build a new supercritical coal-fired power stations at Blyth in Britain, which would have been CCS ready. RWE’s application for another coal plant at Tilbury, Britain, was also not submitted.
 The world needs to build 100 major projects by 2020 and thousands more by 2050 to help combat climate change, International Energy Agency chief Nobuo Tanaka said. [ID:nLD718024]
 The European Union has pledged up to 12 demonstration carbon capture and storage (CCS) plants in operation by 2015 and the technology fully commercialised by 2020. For a related analysis, click on [ID:nLP101805]     
 CCS traps, transports and buries underground carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas blamed for global warming.
 While it can cut carbon emissions from coal plants by 90 percent, no commericial-scale project exists anywhere yet to demonstrate the technology, partly because the up-front capital costs are high.
  
 Following is a list of planned projects in Europe and planned operation dates. 
  COMPANY/PROJECT NAME        FUEL      PLANT OUTPUT  TECHNOLOGY      OPERATIONAL Alstom/PGE, Poland          Coal    4,400 MW        Retrofit        N.A Centrica, Teeside, UK       Coal      850 MW        IGCC            Postponed C.GEN, Netherlands          Coal      450 MW        Pre-combustion  2014 Dong Energy, Scotland       Coal    1,600 MW        N.A.            Cancelled Enel, Brindisi, Italy       Coal      660 MW        Retrofit        2012 Enel, Porto Tolle, Italy    Coal      250 MW        Post-combustion 2015 Enel, Italy                 Coal      N.A.          Oyfuel          2016 Endesa, Leon, Spain         Coal      N.A.          OxyFuel         2015  E.ON, Killingholme, UK      Coal      450 MW        IGCC            Cancelled E.ON, Kingsnorth, UK        Coal    1,600 MW        Post-combustion Postponed E.ON, Wilhelmshaven, Ger.   Coal      756 MW        Post-combustion 2015 Fortum, Finland             Coal      565 MW        Retrofit        2015 GE / Polish utility         Coal    1,000 MW        IGCC            N.A Hypogen/ Dynamis, EU        Coal      N.A           Pre-combustion  2014-2016 Kaarstoe, Norway            Gas       384 MW        IGCC            Stalled Mongstad, Norway            Gas       280 MW        Post-combustion 2014 Nuon, Eemshaven, Neth.      Various 1,200 MW        IGCC            2015 Peel Energy, Scotland       Coal    1,600 MW        N.A.            2014 PKE/ZAK, Poland             Coal      N.A.          Precombustion   2014 Powerfuel, UK               Coal      900 MW        IGCC            2013 Progressive Energy, UK      Coal      450 MW        IGCC            N.A. RCI consortium, Neth.       Coal    1,100 MW        N.A.            after 2014  RWE, Hueth, Germany         Coal      450 MW        IGCC            2014 RWE, Tilbury, UK            Coal      N.A.          Post-combustion Cancelled RWE, Eemshaven, Neth.       Coal      160 MW        IGCC & Retrofit 2015 RWE, Blyth, UK              Coal      N.A.          Retrofit        Cancelled RWE, Aberthaw, UK           Coal      N.A.          Post-combustion 2010 ScottishPower, Longannet,UK Coal    2,400 MW        Post-combustion 2014 Scottish & Southern, UK     Coal      800 MW        Retrofit        2014 Shell/Essent, Netherlands   Coal    1,000 MW        Pre-combustion  2016 Total, Lacq, France         N.A.      N.A.          Oxyfuel         2009 Union Fenosa, Spain         Coal      N.A.          Post-combustion 2017 Vattenfall, Denmark         Coal      N.A.          Post-combustion 2013 Vattenfall, Germany         Coal      N.A.          OxyFuel         2015 
 Sources include: IEA, CCSA, Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage, Reuters data  (Reporting by Kwok W. Wan, Nina Chestney; Additional reporting by Karin Jensen in Denmark; Editing by William Hardy)  

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