LONDON, Dec 17 (Reuters) - Britain is to fund four demonstration carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects by 2020 in its efforts to reduce carbon emissions, finance minister Alistair Darling has said. [ID:nGEE5B81L0]
But technical issues still remain, such as carbon capture and storage (CCS) fitted power plants ramping up and down to meet peak power demand. [ID:nGEE5B8123]
Germany’s RWE (RWEG.DE) has also decided not to submit an application to build a new supercritical coal-fired power stations at Blyth in Britain, which would have been CCS ready. RWE’s application for another coal plant at Tilbury, Britain, was also not submitted.
The world needs to build 100 major projects by 2020 and thousands more by 2050 to help combat climate change, International Energy Agency chief Nobuo Tanaka said. [ID:nLD718024]
The European Union has pledged up to 12 demonstration carbon capture and storage (CCS) plants in operation by 2015 and the technology fully commercialised by 2020. For a related analysis, click on [ID:nLP101805]
CCS traps, transports and buries underground carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas blamed for global warming.
While it can cut carbon emissions from coal plants by 90 percent, no commericial-scale project exists anywhere yet to demonstrate the technology, partly because the up-front capital costs are high.
Following is a list of planned projects in Europe and planned operation dates.
COMPANY/PROJECT NAME FUEL PLANT OUTPUT TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONAL Alstom/PGE, Poland Coal 4,400 MW Retrofit N.A Centrica, Teeside, UK Coal 850 MW IGCC Postponed C.GEN, Netherlands Coal 450 MW Pre-combustion 2014 Dong Energy, Scotland Coal 1,600 MW N.A. Cancelled Enel, Brindisi, Italy Coal 660 MW Retrofit 2012 Enel, Porto Tolle, Italy Coal 250 MW Post-combustion 2015 Enel, Italy Coal N.A. Oyfuel 2016 Endesa, Leon, Spain Coal N.A. OxyFuel 2015 E.ON, Killingholme, UK Coal 450 MW IGCC Cancelled E.ON, Kingsnorth, UK Coal 1,600 MW Post-combustion Postponed E.ON, Wilhelmshaven, Ger. Coal 756 MW Post-combustion 2015 Fortum, Finland Coal 565 MW Retrofit 2015 GE / Polish utility Coal 1,000 MW IGCC N.A Hypogen/ Dynamis, EU Coal N.A Pre-combustion 2014-2016 Kaarstoe, Norway Gas 384 MW IGCC Stalled Mongstad, Norway Gas 280 MW Post-combustion 2014 Nuon, Eemshaven, Neth. Various 1,200 MW IGCC 2015 Peel Energy, Scotland Coal 1,600 MW N.A. 2014 PKE/ZAK, Poland Coal N.A. Precombustion 2014 Powerfuel, UK Coal 900 MW IGCC 2013 Progressive Energy, UK Coal 450 MW IGCC N.A. RCI consortium, Neth. Coal 1,100 MW N.A. after 2014 RWE, Hueth, Germany Coal 450 MW IGCC 2014 RWE, Tilbury, UK Coal N.A. Post-combustion Cancelled RWE, Eemshaven, Neth. Coal 160 MW IGCC & Retrofit 2015 RWE, Blyth, UK Coal N.A. Retrofit Cancelled RWE, Aberthaw, UK Coal N.A. Post-combustion 2010 ScottishPower, Longannet,UK Coal 2,400 MW Post-combustion 2014 Scottish & Southern, UK Coal 800 MW Retrofit 2014 Shell/Essent, Netherlands Coal 1,000 MW Pre-combustion 2016 Total, Lacq, France N.A. N.A. Oxyfuel 2009 Union Fenosa, Spain Coal N.A. Post-combustion 2017 Vattenfall, Denmark Coal N.A. Post-combustion 2013 Vattenfall, Germany Coal N.A. OxyFuel 2015
Sources include: IEA, CCSA, Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage, Reuters data (Reporting by Kwok W. Wan, Nina Chestney; Additional reporting by Karin Jensen in Denmark; Editing by William Hardy)