* S&P 500, Nasdaq retreat from record levels
* Surveys suggest slower Chinese factory growth this month
* Euro zone GDP grows more strongly than expected (Updates with close of European markets)
By Chuck Mikolajczak
NEW YORK, April 30 (Reuters) - Global equity markets edged lower on Tuesday, weighed by weak Chinese business surveys and a tumble in shares of Google parent Alphabet, while the euro strengthened on the heels of data that showed euro zone growth topped expectations.
Shares of Alphabet dropped more than 8%, making it the biggest drag on both the S&P 500 and Nasdaq indexes a day after both hit record levels, as the company reported its slowest revenue growth in three years. Fellow heavyweight Apple is scheduled to report results after the market close on Tuesday.
“People are definitely taking some profits off names like Apple, Google. There could be a little ‘peaking’ mentality here considering how indexes are at record levels, people tend to get a bit cautious,” said Jeremy Bryan, portfolio manager at Gradient Investments in Arden Hills, Minnesota.
“Large-cap companies have generally reported better-than-expected numbers but not the kind that would accelerate a rally.”
Equity markets were also on shaky footing after surveys on China manufacturing missed forecasts, another sign that Beijing’s efforts to spur growth in the world’s second-biggest economy had yet to take hold.
Investors were looking ahead to a policy statement from the U.S. Federal Reserve on Wednesday and payrolls data at the end of the week. The Fed is largely expected to leave interest rates unchanged as it seeks to balance solid economic growth against low inflation.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 15.71 points, or 0.06%, to 26,570.1, the S&P 500 gained 0.04 points, or 0.00%, to 2,943.07 and the Nasdaq Composite dropped 53.52 points, or 0.66%, to 8,108.34.
Despite the disappointing Alphabet results, corporate profits for the quarter are now showing growth of 0.7%, according to Refinitiv data, which has helped ease worries about a possible earnings recession.
After seesawing between gains and losses, European stocks ended flat as bank weakness undercut encouraging euro zone data indicating economic growth in the first quarter was much stronger than expected and the unemployment rate fell to its lowest in more than a decade.
The pan-European STOXX 600 index rose 0.01% and MSCI’s gauge of stocks across the globe gained 0.10%.
The encouraging regional data helped the euro strengthen to above $1.12 for the first time in a week to a high of $1.1230. The dollar remained subdued against a basket of major currencies even after a round of upbeat data on housing and consumer confidence.
The dollar index fell 0.41%, with the euro up 0.31% to $1.122.
Brent crude earlier topped $73 but then pulled back as the market grew less worried that a rebellion against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro would hit the country’s crude exports.
U.S. crude rose 0.9% to $64.07 per barrel and Brent was last at $72.28, up 1.03% on the day.
Benchmark 10-year notes last rose 8/32 in price to yield 2.509%, from 2.536% late on Monday.
Additional reporting by Shreyashi Sanyal and Sruthi Shankar in Bengaluru; Editing by Bernadette Baum