* Fed policymakers expect one more rate hike this year
* Dollar gains vs other major currencies on rate projections
* U.S. 2-yr notes yield hit high since 2008
* Oil prices near highest since April/May on output cut hopes
* European shares higher as bank stocks jump
By Marc Jones
LONDON, Sept 21 (Reuters) - Signals the Federal Reserve will hike U.S. interest rates again this year and begin the ‘Great Unwinding’ of a decade of aggressive stimulus, drove the dollar to a two-month high versus the yen on Thursday and sent bonds and commodities lower.
Traders reacted predictably to what had been a heavily-flagged move from the Fed, which was then followed unsurprisingly in Asia as the Bank of Japan kept its monetary spigots open at full.
Along with the dollar bulls, European bank stocks cheered the prospect of higher interest rates which should help their profits. They rose over 1.5 percent as a weaker euro helped the pan-European STOXX 600 generally too.
Shorter-term, 2-year U.S. government bond yields, which move inverse to price, steadied after hitting their highest in nine years. The dollar’s rise as far as 112.725 yen had been set its strongest mark since July 18.
“Initial reaction is fairly straightforward,” said Saxo Bank head of FX strategy John Hardy.
“They (the Fed) still kept the December hike (signal) in there and the market is being reluctantly tugged in the direction of having to price that in.”
Interest rate futures are now pricing in about a 70 percent chance of a December Fed rate hike according to CME’s ‘FedWatch’ tool, up from above 50 percent prior to the Fed meeting and under 40 percent just a few weeks ago.
The euro shed 0.1 percent to $1.1883 after dropping 0.8 percent the previous day, when it reversed a four-session winning run.
European Central Bank President Mario Draghi is due to speak later at a conference on financial stability, while the bank’s chief economist Peter Praet also chairs a policy panel at a conference.
The yield on Germany’s 10-year government, the benchmark for the region, was 4 basis points higher in early trade at 0.48 percent, its highest since early August. It is still well below the U.S. equivalent.
The gap between United States and German 10-year borrowing costs narrowed a touched to 179 bps having struck 184 bps - its highest in a month - on Wednesday.
Spanish government bonds moved roughly in line with peers, having underperformed on Wednesday after Spanish police raided Catalan government offices and arrested officials on Wednesday to halt a banned referendum on independence.
“The central Spanish government’s increasingly rigorous line of action in response to Catalonia’s aspirations to independence triggered profit-taking on Spanish debt instruments, which subsequently spilled over to BTPs (Italian debt),” DZ Bank analyst Rene Abrecht said.
The higher dollar strained commodity markets, where the underlying raw materials are priced in the U.S. currency.
Gold hit a three-week low of $1,296 per ounce, Brent and WTI oil eased away from multi-month highs, while industrial metals copper and nickel tumbled 1 and 3 percent to more than one-month lows.
Brent crude futures last stood at $56.17, down slightly from late U.S. levels as U.S. benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) drifted down to $50.64.
There were other beneficiaries though from the shift up in the dollar.
Japan’s Nikkei closed up 0.2 percent as the yen’s fall against the dollar after the Fed’s decision helped sentiment around exporters.
The Bank of Japan, as widely expected, also left its policy settings unchanged.
“The BOJ will patiently continue accommodative monetary policy to achieve 2 percent inflation... As such, we will take further monetary easing steps if necessary,” its Governor Haruhiko Kuroda said at his post-meeting news conference.
Additional reporting by Hideyuki Sano in Tokyo; Editing by Toby Chopra