LONDON, July 21 (Reuters) - The European Union has pledged to have 10-12 demonstration carbon capture and storage (CCS) plants in operation by 2015 and the technology fully commercialised by 2020.
CCS traps, transports and buries underground carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas blamed for global warming.
While it can cut carbon emissions from coal plants by 90 percent, no commericial-scale project exists anywhere yet to demonstrate the technology, partly because the up-front capital costs are high.
Among functioning pilots are Swedish utility Vattenfall's30 megawatt (MW) OxyFuel pilot plant in Schwarze Pumpe, Germany. ScottishPower started up a 1 MW CCS test unit in May at its Longannet coal-fired power plant. Doosan Babcock will open its 40 MW OxyFuel test facility on July 24 in Renfrew, near Glasgow.
Britain will help fund up to four CCS trials and require new coal-powered plants to fit the technology within five years of it being proved viable, probably by 2020.
Carbon dioxide can be captured before or after combustion using a range of existing and emerging technologies.
Following is a list of planned projects in Europe and slated operation dates.
COMPANY/PROJECT NAME FUEL PLANT OUTPUT TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONAL Centrica, Teeside,UK Coal 850 MW IGCC Postponed Dong Energy, Denmark Coal 400 MW Post-combustion 2015 Enel, Brindisi, Italy Coal 660 MW Retrofit 2012 Endesa, Leon, Spain Coal N.A. OxyFuel 2015 E.ON, Killingholme, UK Coal 450 MW IGCC Cancelled E.ON, Kingsnorth, UK Coal 1,600 MW Post-combustion After 2014 Fortum, Finland Coal 565 MW Retrofit 2015 GE / Polish utility Coal 1,000 MW IGCC N.A Hypogen/ Dynamis, EU Coal N.A Pre-combustion 2014-2016 Kaarstoe, Norway Gas 384 MW IGCC Stalled Mongstad, Norway Gas 280 MW Post-combustion 2014 Nuon, Eemshaven, Neth. Various 1,200 MW IGCC 2013 Powerfuel, UK Coal 900 MW IGCC 2013 Progressive Energy, UK Coal 450 MW IGCC N.A. RCI consortium, Neth. Coal N.A. N.A. 2015 RWE, Germany Coal 450 MW IGCC 2014 RWE, Tilbury, UK Coal N.A. Post-combustion 2016 RWE, Eemshaven, Neth. Coal 160 MW Retrofit N.A RWE, Blyth, UK Coal N.A. Retrofit 2014 RWE, south Wales, UK Coal N.A. Post-combustion 2010 ScottishPower, UK Coal N.A Post-combustion 2014 Scottish & Southern, UK Coal 800 MW Retrofit 2014 Union Fenosa, Spain Coal N.A. Post-combustion 2017 Vattenfall, Denmark Coal N.A. Post-combustion 2013 Vattenfall, Germany Coal N.A. OxyFuel 2015
Sources include: IEA, CCSA, Reuters data (Reporting by Nina Chestney and Gerard Wynn; Editing by James Jukwey)
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