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TEXT - Fitch cuts Howard Bend Levee District, Missouri ratings
January 15, 2013 / 4:26 PM / 5 years ago

TEXT - Fitch cuts Howard Bend Levee District, Missouri ratings

Jan 15 Fitch Ratings downgrades to 'BBB-' from 'BBB+' its ratings on the
following Howard Bend Levee District, Missouri (the district) 

--$19,145,000 million levee district refunding and improvement bonds, series 

--$5,230,000 (Creve Coeur airport sub-area) levee district improvement bonds, 
series 2007.

The Rating Outlook is Stable.


The bonds are special limited obligations payable solely from a special levee 
tax (SLT) against certain benefited properties. The amount of the SLT is 
proportionate to the benefits conferred upon each parcel. The bonds are also 
secured by deal-specific, cash-funded debt service reserves funds (DSRF) equal 
to the IRS standard. 


reflects the limited cash available for debt service coverage outside of annual 
collections. While coverage is still sufficient, the diminished cushion and 
expectation of further drawdown of capital improvement cash provides less 
protection against downside risk and therefore reduces credit quality.  

MARGIN OF ADDITIONAL FINANCIAL FLEXIBILITY: The district has the authority to 
levy up to 1.2x coverage for annual debt service between its installment and 
maintenance levy. It currently levies a total SLT equal to annual debt service 
(1.0 times coverage).

SIGNIFICANT TAXPAYER CONCENTRATION: Both series of bonds display considerable 
taxpayer concentration with the top 10 payers accounting for at least 70% of 
total collections. The number of taxpayers obligated to repay both series is 
also extremely limited. 

LIMITED ECONOMY: The district's economy is notably limited with gaming and 
agriculture representing the majority of economic activity within the district. 


DECLINES IN TAX COLLECTIONS: Interruption in the timely payment of the SLT by 
top taxpayers would create a major cash flow disruption, which could apply 
further downward pressure to the rating.

EROSION OF UNRESERVED CASH BALANCES: Further erosion of discretionary cash 
reserves may be cause for additional rating action. 


The district encompasses a 10.4 square mile area 20 miles northwest of St. 
Louis. It was incorporated in 1987 to protect and reclaim land from wash and 
bank erosion and water overflow. The district's board is comprised of five 
district property owners.


Taxpayer concentration is a significant credit concern. Hollywood Casino St. 
Louis (the casino) is the largest taxpayer for the 2005 series bonds and 
accounts for 37% of the total STL on those bonds; the top 10 taxpayers account 
for 70%. The top taxpayer for the series 2007 bonds is a trust which accounts 
for 18% of the total SLT, and the top 10 comprise 83%. The project subarea 
associated with the series 2007 bonds does not include the casino. Overall, the 
SLT is levied on 385 benefited properties associated with the series 2005 
transaction and 148 benefited properties associated with the series 2007 


The bonds are special limited obligations payable solely from an SLT levied on 
certain property in proportion to the flood abatement benefits for each parcel. 
The district is required to impose the SLT levy in an amount sufficient to pay 
debt service on the bonds. The district currently levies a total SLT equal to 
annual debt service (1.0x coverage). The district may levy up to 1.1x coverage 
for its SLT levy and an additional 10% emergency levy, providing up to 1.2x 

The district additionally imposes operating and maintenance levies which 
accounted for 20% of the district's levy in 2012 and which includes a small 
margin for uncollected taxes (3%-5% of total SLT levy) as part of its 
maintenance levy. 

SLTs are collected by the county and unpaid taxes result in a lien placed upon 
the delinquent parcel of land; this lien is subordinate to property taxes. Tax 
collection rates have exceeded 97% since 2007 through the recent economic 

The district's ongoing operations are limited (as is the case with most special 
districts), with the bulk of total expenditures consisting of debt service. 
Aside from annual levies, the district reports approximately $900,000 on hand in
cash reserves usable for debt service, representing approximately 40% of 2012 
debt service. This amount is down from previous reviews and the reduced margin 
is the major reason for the downgrade.

Fitch notes that the potential for cash flow volatility in cases of major 
taxpayer non-payment is an important credit weakness. During a period of 
extended non-payment, the district would need to seek a readjustment of the 
proportional benefits assigned to each parcel net of the delinquent taxpayer, 
and reallocate the tax on a pro rata basis based on the new proportional benefit
assessment. This remedy is without legal precedent and the timeline for this 
remedy (as well as foreclosure) is uncertain.  


The district's economy is notably limited, reliant predominantly on gaming and 
agriculture. The casino is the largest district employer with approximately 
1,800 employees. Penn National Gaming Inc. recently purchased the casino for 
approximately $610 million in an all-cash transaction and announced it will 
invest approximately $61 million in updating and rebranding the facility. Some 
additional development within the district may occur due to the completion of 
improvements to nearby state highway 141.

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