(Updates with background, details)
By Suvashree Choudhury
MUMBAI, Jan 11 (Reuters) - India’s fixed income trade body set yields for government bonds at levels higher than the actual closing levels for the quarter from October to December, a top official of the market association told Reuters on Thursday.
FIMMDA sets the final closing levels for all the country’s bonds at the end of the quarter, typically at the exact closing price for the quarter, which becomes the benchmark all lenders and financial institutions must use when valuing their portfolio holdings.
But DVSSV Prasad, the chief executive of the Fixed Income Money Market and Derivatives Association (FIMMDA) said this time, in a rare move, the yields for government bonds had been set at the direction of the Reserve Bank of India, and reflected the levels about 5 minutes before the close of trade in the last day of the quarter.
Data from FIMMDA published on Wednesday evening showed the yields prescribed by the RBI were set at up to 15 bps higher than the actual closing levels, with the sharp increases tending to impact the more illiquid debt, including the 8.33 percent 2026 and the 6.79 percent 2029 bonds.
“It was a regulatory instruction from the central bank and we, as a valuation agency, followed the instruction,” he said.
Traders speculated the RBI stepped in to prescribe that prices be set at a few minutes before the close to tamp down a widespread practice of window dressing by Indian bond investors.
In particular, banks have traditionally jacked up bond prices in the closing minutes of a quarter to improve their mark-to-market performance and bolster balance sheets. Banks are the biggest bond investors in India.
The RBI has previously warned banks to refrain from such quarter-end activities, since they can produce large volatility in markets.
For banks, the move is likely to lead to significant mark-to-market losses given that bonds have sold off sharply in the October-December quarter, with the benchmark 10-year yield up 67 basis points.
“This shows that RBI has no sympathy for banks,” said a foreign bank trader. “Banks had a tough quarter in December and on top of that RBI comes and takes such measures. This clearly shows that RBI has no problem with yields rising.”
The news has fuelled nervousness among bond traders, with the mood remaining bearish ahead of consumer inflation data due on Friday.
The benchmark 10-year bond yield was trading at 7.45 percent on Thursday, up 1 basis point from its previous close and 5 basis points higher from the day’s low. (Reporting by Suvashree Dey Choudhury; Editing by Rafael Nam and Clarence Fernandez)