June 17, 2020 / 9:51 PM / 24 days ago

FACTBOX-What's the difference between three U.S. plans for police reform

WASHINGTON, June 17 (Reuters) - President Donald Trump has signed an executive order to address police misconduct following the killing of an African American man, George Floyd, in police custody.

Democrats in the U.S. House of Representatives and Republicans in the Senate are also advancing separate bills to tackle the issue.

Following is a summary of the three approaches:

MISCONDUCT LAWSUITS

Democrats - Reduce “qualified immunity” protections that shield police from civil misconduct lawsuits.

Republicans - No provision.

Trump - No provision.

CHOKEHOLDS

Democrats - Designate chokeholds as deadly force that can be used only when necessary to protect life, and make unnecessary use a violation of U.S. civil rights law; withhold federal grant money from police departments that do not ban chokeholds.

Republicans - Withhold federal funds from police agencies that do not prohibit chokeholds, except when deadly force is authorized; instruct the U.S. Attorney General to develop a policy to ban chokeholds by federal law enforcement.

Trump - Order the Attorney General to certify independent bodies to confirm that law enforcement agencies prohibit the use of chokeholds, except where deadly force is allowed.

USE OF FORCE

Democrats - Require deadly force to be used only as a last resort; require police agencies to report use-of-force data.

Republicans - Require local governments to report deaths or injuries caused by police; instruct the Justice Department to develop training in alternatives to the use of force.

Trump - Set up independent bodies to ensure that use-of-force policies are legal; create a federal database to record instances of excessive use of force.

NO-KNOCK WARRANTS

Democrats - Ban no-knock warrants in federal drug investigations; withhold grant money from police agencies that use no-knock warrants.

Republicans - Require police agencies to report use of no-knock warrants.

Trump - No provision.

LYNCHING

Democrats - Designate lynching as a federal hate crime.

Republicans - Designate lynching as a federal hate crime.

Trump - No provision.

RACIAL PROFILING

Democrats - Eliminate federal practices that involve racial and religious profiling; require police agencies to eliminate profiling in order to get federal aid; allow lawsuits by victims of profiling.

Republicans - No provision.

Trump - No provision.

BODY CAMERAS

Democrats - Require federal law enforcement to use body cameras; grant money for local agencies that use body cameras.

Republicans - Make federal funds available to police agencies that require body cameras.

Trump - No provision.

MENTAL HEALTH AND HOMELESSNESS

Democrats - No provision.

Republicans - Study programs to improve police engagement on mental health, homelessness and addiction.

Trump - Enable social workers to team up with police to deal with those suffering from mental illness, homelessness and addiction; set up training for police. (Reporting by David Morgan Editing by Andy Sullivan and Sonya Hepinstall)

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