(Adds White House citing previous statement, Freeland comment)
By Richard Cowan and Makini Brice
WASHINGTON, Aug 28 (Reuters) - President Donald Trump’s trade deal with Mexico could struggle to win approval from Congress unless Canada comes on board, lawmakers from both parties said on Tuesday, saying support from Democrats would be needed to pass a purely bilateral deal.
Trump unveiled the Mexico deal on Monday and threatened to slap tariffs on Canadian-made cars if Canada did not join the revamp of the trilateral North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which Trump has long criticized.
If Trump, a Republican, tries to get the Senate to vote in favor of a bilateral deal as a replacement for NAFTA, he will face an uphill struggle to win passage, lawmakers said.
Some lawmakers said only a trilateral pact would be eligible for fast-track, 51-vote Senate approval.
A bilateral deal, on the other hand, would need 60 votes and that would require some support from Democrats, who likely would be reluctant to help Trump, they said. There are now 50 Republican-held seats in the 100-member Senate.
To get fast-track Senate ratification, “the administration must also reach an agreement with Canada,” said Republican Senator Pat Toomey in a statement.
“NAFTA was a tri-party agreement only made operative with legislation enacted by Congress,” said Toomey, a member of the committee that oversees trade policy.
“Any change, such as NAFTA’s termination, would require additional legislation from Congress. Conversion into a bilateral agreement would not qualify for ... ‘fast track’ procedures and would therefore require 60 votes in the Senate.”
A White House spokeswoman referred questions to U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer’s comments on Monday, when he said the White House was ready to notify Congress by Friday of Trump’s intent to sign a bilateral document, but that it was open to Canada joining the pact.
Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland on Tuesday started her first negotiating session at Lighthizer’s office in several months and told reporters: “We are encouraged by the progress that the U.S. and Mexico have made.”
Democratic Senate Leader Chuck Schumer said a bilateral deal would face “serious legal concerns,” while he also questioned a lack of details on the terms of the Mexico pact.
“I’m a little worried that this one is like North Korea. They have a nice announcement, but then we don’t see the details,” Schumer told reporters in a Capitol hallway.
U.S. stock markets surged on Monday after Trump said he had reached an understanding with Mexico. On Tuesday, stocks had given up some of their early gains by the closing bell.
Senator Ron Wyden, the senior Democrat on the trade committee, said: “We know very few details right now. There are real questions about whether this is even enforceable ... We are far from being done on this and the fact is you cannot really move this substantively without the Canadians.”
In the House of Representatives, Democrat Bill Pascrell urged Republicans in a statement to convene a bipartisan House trade council to advise the White House. (Reporting by Richard Cowan and Makini Brice, Additional reporting by Jeff Mason, Steve Holland, Susan Cornwell, Lisa Lambert and Amanda Becker Editing by Kevin Drawbaugh, Rosalba O’Brien and Susan Thomas)