(Reuters) - Here is a look at the military capabilities of Azerbaijan and Armenia. The “frozen conflict” between the two has been punctuated by heated rhetoric and skirmishes across their common border and a line of contact around the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.
TOTAL: Active - 66,940; Reserve - 300,000
Main Battle Tanks - 339 including 95 T-55 and 244 T-72
Armoured Infantry Fighting vehicles - 111
Armoured personnel carriers - 347
Artillery pieces - 458
Patrol and coastal vessels - 8
Coastal Mine Hunter - Mine warfare/inshore - 4
Amphibious - 6
Combat capable aircraft - 44
14 Fighters - MiG-29 Fulcrum
11 Fighter ground attack aircraft - including 4 MiG-21 Fishbed, 4 Su-17 Fitter, 1 Su-17U Fitter, Su-24 Fencert
19 Attack aircraft - 16 Su-25 Frogfoot, 3 Su-25UB Frogfoot B
Transport aircraft - 4
Helicopters - 26 Mi-24 Hind attack helicopters, 40 transport
OTHER FORCES: 15,000 paramilitaries including border guards and militia.
DEFENCE BUDGET: 2010 $1.59 billion (992.5 million pounds), 2011 $1.68 billion
Azerbaijan’s armed forces have yet to make a successful transition from Soviet-era times despite the growth of the defence budget from rising oil revenue. Armed forces still rely on conscription and the standard of available equipment remains uncertain. Azerbaijan has contributed a small contingent to the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan (ISAF).
TOTAL: 48,834 - active, reserves some mobilisation, possibly around 210,000
ARMY: 45,846 including 25,880 conscripts
Main Battle Tanks - 110 including 3 T-54, 5 T-55, 102 T-72
Armoured Infantry Fighting vehicles - 104
Armoured personnel carriers - 136
Artillery pieces - 239
Combat capable aircraft 16
1 fighter MiG-25 Foxbat
15 Fighter ground attack aircraft Su-25 Frogfoot
Transport aircraft - 2
Helicopters - 8 Mi-24 Hind attack helicopters, 10 multi-role, 9 light transport
OTHER FORCES: There is a paramilitary force of 6,694 consisting of Ministry of Internal Affairs and Border troops.
DEFENCE BUDGET: 2010 $436 million, 2011 $395 million
Armenia’s army is primarily focused on territorial defence given the tensions with Azerbaijan and is still strongly based on Russian military thinking. However Armenia contributes to ISAF in Afghanistan, enabling its troops to benefit from their NATO counterparts. The IISS says in its latest Military Balance that Armenia’s air force “reportedly struggles with serviceability and maintenance while Russia’s air force provides national air defence from a leased base”.