BRASILIA (Reuters) - Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff will name banker Joaquim Levy as her new finance minister, three leading newspapers reported on Friday, signalling a shift toward more market-friendly policies that could breathe life into a stagnant economy.
Levy’s appointment was reported by Valor Economico, Folha de S.Paulo and Estado de S.Paulo, which cited unnamed sources. Reuters was not immediately able to confirm the reports and the presidential palace declined to comment on them.
Rousseff will announce her finance minister and other cabinet members as of Wednesday, government sources told Reuters.
Levy, head of the asset management arm of Brazil’s second largest private bank Bradesco SA and a former government treasury secretary, emerged as a candidate for the job on Thursday after Bradesco’s chief executive reportedly turned it down.
The University of Chicago-trained economist is a proven fiscal hawk who helped Brazil obtain its investment grade rating while he was treasury chief between 2003 and 2006 by checking spending and overhauling its debt structure.
Many investors have expressed hope that Levy will pull off something similar this time if his appointment is confirmed. They have said hefty budget cuts are needed to restore confidence in an economy that has been stagnant for four years.
It is unclear to what extent Rousseff, also a trained economist who relishes making financial decisions, will loosen her grip on the economy after winning a second term last month.
Markets are likely to embrace Levy, and they extended gains on Friday after the reports, with the Bovespa closing up 5 percent to its highest level in a month.
“By choosing Levy (Rousseff) is trying to regain credibility, which is crucial in this game,” said Alberto Ramos, a Goldman Sachs economist who knew Levy at the University of Chicago and later at the International Monetary Fund.
“It is important to have that voice of reason in the team, but at the end of the day it continues to be Dilma Rousseff’s government,” Ramos said.
Current Finance Minister Guido Mantega, whose credibility waned in recent years as his often-rosy forecasts failed to prove accurate, is expected to leave office when Rousseff’s second term starts on Jan. 1.
The nomination of a banker is likely to generate some opposition in Rousseff’s leftist Workers’ Party, especially after she spent her re-election campaign lambasting bankers.
Yet such concerns appear to be outweighed by the threat of another recession in 2015, plus falling investor confidence due to a multi-billion dollar corruption scandal at state-run oil company Petrobras.
Levy “is a fiscal conservative and that will surely create some tensions in the party,” a senior ruling party lawmaker said on Friday, without confirming the appointment.
“But (Rousseff’s) message is clear as day; her government will turn toward orthodoxy to rescue the economy,” the lawmaker said.
Aides said Rousseff delayed the decision for weeks as she was torn between a market-friendly pick like Levy and someone who would represent a more status-quo approach. But they said the scandal at Petrobras, plus strong urging from her predecessor Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, convinced her to opt for a market-friendly name.
Levy, who worked as an IMF researcher, knows Brazil’s fiscal policy like few others.
Analysts believe he will push for more transparency in public accounts and more credible, multi-year fiscal targets to raise the government’s savings and help the central bank battle above-target inflation.
Since Rousseff took office in 2011 the economy has grown an average of less than 2 percent per year and is expected to barely expand this year and next. That is a far cry from the better than 4 percent annual growth rates of the previous decade, when Brazil was a Wall Street favourite.
Additional reporting by Jeferson Ribeiro, writing by Alonso Soto; Editing by Brian Winter, Andrew Hay, Toni Reinhold