LONDON (Reuters) - New Bank of England rate-setter Jonathan Haskel offered a more downbeat assessment of Britain’s readiness for higher interest rates than the official he is due to replace, in comments that weighed on sterling on Tuesday.
Haskel, an economics professor at London’s Imperial College, pointed to persistently weak wage growth and said there could be more slack in the labour market than currently estimated.
While Haskel agreed with the gist of the BoE’s guidance that rates will probably need to rise, investors judged his tone to be more dovish than the Monetary Policy Committee’s (MPC) Ian McCafferty, a long-time advocate of higher rates whom Haskel replaces in September.
Last week the BoE bolstered expectations that it will raise rates in August for only the second time in a decade, after its chief economist unexpectedly joined the minority of policymakers voting for a hike.
But Haskel appeared to place less urgency on the need for higher rates, sending sterling down by around half a percentage point against the dollar.
“The immediate takeaway is that the MPC is replacing a hawk with a dove,” JPMorgan economist Allan Monks said.
Productivity expert Haskel cited theories that a high number of workers with too few or precarious hours helped explain why wage growth — key to the outlook for interest rates — has failed to take off as the BoE expected, despite the lowest jobless rate since the 1970s.
“I think it’s an urgent priority to look at that. There are a lot of arguments in favour of that view,” Haskel told lawmakers during an appointment hearing.
Workers’ bargaining power had probably also been weakened by the greater global mobility of capital and technological change, he said — though in the longer term he was optimistic about technology’s ability to boost British productivity.
Haskel said it would be premature for him to offer a firm path for his thinking on interest rates, given he had yet to access the BoE’s analysis.
By contrast McCafferty — who steps down at the end of August — said in a speech on Tuesday the BoE “should not dally” when it comes to raising rates from 0.5 percent.
Haskel was more circumspect about the economic outlook in his testimony to lawmakers.
Gauging the amount of slack in the labour pool was difficult given the huge variety of jobs on the market, he said, adding: “All of this I think is in favour of the notion that there may well be much more slack than we think.”
Haskel also said Britain’s economy risked a “temporary lull” if Brexit negotiations went badly.
He will serve a three-year term as an external member of the nine-strong MPC starting on Sept. 1.
Additional reporting by Anu Shukla; Writing by Andy Bruce; Editing by Catherine Evans and John Stonestreet