November 8, 2017 / 2:02 PM / a year ago

Tornado replacement must be fifth generation - German air force chief

BERLIN (Reuters) - The German military needs a fifth-generation replacement for its Tornado fighter jets that is hard to detect on enemy radars and can strike targets from a great distance, the chief of staff of the air force said on Wednesday.

A Eurofighter Typhoon EF2000 fighter jet from the Spanish Air Force makes a high speed pass during an international aerial and naval military exhibition commemorating the centennial of the Spanish Naval Aviation, over a beach near the naval airbase in Rota, southern Spain, September 16, 2017. REUTERS/Jon Nazca

Lieutenant General Karl Muellner’s comments are his clearest public statements to date on the Tornado replacement programme and indicate a preference for Lockheed Martin Corp’s F-35 fighter jet (LMT.N), the only Western aircraft that meets those requirements.

The air force last month issued a formal request for information about the F-35, the F-15 and F/A-18E/F, both built by Boeing Co (BA.N), and the European Eurofighter Typhoon, as it kicks off the process of replacing its 85 Tornado jets, which will go out of service around 2030.

The programme could be worth around 20 billion euros (£17.7 billion) for the winning bidder in coming years.

Muellner told Reuters Germany would need to buy an off-the-shelf replacement that could enter service around 2025 to facilitate a smooth transition with the Tornado, noting that did not leave enough time to develop a unique solution.

But he said changing warfare requirements and the need for a credible deterrent meant the successor fighter had to be “low-observable, and able to identify and strike targets from a great distance”.

“It will have to be a fifth-generation jet to meet the full spectrum of our needs,” Muellner said.

Many German allies in Europe, including Norway, the Netherlands, Britain, Italy, Turkey and Denmark have selected the F-35 and some have received initial deliveries. Belgium is expected to make a decision next year.

Any new fighter jet purchase would have to be approved by parliament in the next two years and a contract signed by 2020 or 2021 to ensure deliveries by 2025.

A purchase of around 100 jets would help ensure German industry got a decent share of work on the programme.

Muellner said he also strongly supported a Franco-German plan to develop a successor for its fleet of what will be 140 Eurofighter Typhoon jets, built by Britain’s BAE Systems Plc (BAES.L), Italy’s Leonardo (LDOF.MI) and Airbus (AIR.PA).

The project, unveiled in July, would help preserve critical technology skills in Europe and allow Europe to develop its own low-observable technology, Muellner said.

He said the German air force had also committed to NATO to provide a fleet of 14 electronic warfare aircraft by the middle of the next decade, which meant it would likely have to buy around 20 such jets.

Possible candidates could be the Boeing EA-18 Growler, a modified A400M transport plane or a modified Eurofighter, experts said.

No decisions on that programme have been made.

Editing by Janet Lawrence

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