September 21, 2009 / 5:08 PM / 10 years ago

Ousted president Zelaya returns to Honduras

TEGUCIGALPA (Reuters) - Ousted President Manuel Zelaya sneaked back into Honduras on Monday almost three months after he was toppled in a coup, and took refuge in the Brazilian embassy to avoid arrest by the de facto government.

Honduras' ousted President Manuel Zelaya greets supporters inside the Brazilian embassy after his arrival in Tegucigalpa September 21, 2009. REUTERS/Edgard Garrido

Zelaya’s ouster on June 28 in a dispute over presidential term limits plunged Honduras into its worst political conflict in decades, and was condemned by U.S. President Barack Obama, the European Union and Latin American governments.

Zelaya had been in exile mostly in Nicaragua while a de facto government that backed the coup against him became more entrenched in office, defying international calls to allow the leftist president to return.

But his sudden appearance in Honduras on Monday increased pressure on the country’s ruler Roberto Micheletti to cede power and increased the chance of violent protests or a standoff at the embassy.

“I am the legitimate president chosen by the people and that is why I came here,” Zelaya told Reuters by telephone from inside the Brazilian embassy.

Several thousand Zelaya supporters gathered outside while a military helicopter clattered overhead and a small group of police stood some 100 yards (meters) away.

The United States called for restraint in Honduras, one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere and a staunch U.S. ally during Cold War conflicts in Central America.

Micheletti, a conservative, wants Zelaya arrested on charges of corruption and trying to change the constitution, but the president was defiant.

“I still haven’t known fear in my 57 years,” he said.

Soldiers toppled Zelaya and sent him into exile after he upset Congress, the military and conservative opponents, who accused him of wanting to change the constitution to allow presidents to seek re-election. Honduran business leaders also distrusted his alliance with Venezuela’s socialist president, Hugo Chavez

Zelaya was due to leave office in January after elections in November but denied he was seeking to extend his rule.

U.S. URGES RESTRAINT

Obama has cut aid to Honduras since the coup and pushed for Zelaya’s return but refused Zelaya’s demands for tougher sanctions against the coup leaders. His administration called on all sides to remain calm following Zelaya’s return.

“At this point, all I can say is reiterate our almost daily call on both sides to exercise restraint and refrain from ... any activities that could provoke violence,” said State Department spokesman Ian Kelly.

Latin American leftist governments have accused the U.S. administration of not doing enough to force Zelaya’s return to power.

Micheletti, whose government is not recognized internationally, earlier on Monday vowed to have Zelaya detained.

“The moment that we know he has entered the country we are going to go ahead with his arrest. We have search and capture teams to carry out his arrest,” Micheletti told Reuters before news broke that Zelaya had taken refuge in the embassy.

His government later imposed a night-time curfew across the country “to conserve calm”.

Honduras is a major coffee producer but exports so far have not been affected by the crisis.

In New York, Brazilian Foreign Minister Celso Amorim said he was hopeful Zelaya’s return could start a new stage in negotiations to end the Honduran crisis.

Slideshow (4 Images)

The head of the Organisation of American States, Jose Miguel Insulza, said Honduras’ de facto rulers “should be responsible for the safety of President Zelaya and the Brazilian embassy.”

It was not clear if Brazil’s government knew of Zelaya’s plan to take refuge at the embassy before he arrived.

Additional reporting by Mica Rosenberg in Mexico City, Pedro Nicolaci da Costa in New York and Anthony Boadle in Washington; Writing by Alistair Bell; Editing by Kieran Murray

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