October 12, 2010 / 12:28 PM / 10 years ago

Hungary secures spill firm premises, readies dam

BUDAPEST (Reuters) - Hungarian police secured all premises of aluminium firm MAL Zrt Tuesday after a disastrous toxic sludge spill that prompted a government takeover, as crews raced to complete an emergency dam to prevent a second deluge.

A footprint is seen in the mud after red toxic sludge flooded the village of Devecser, 150 km (93 miles) west of Budapest, October 11, 2010. REUTERS/Bernadett Szabo

Prime Minister Viktor Orban has blamed “human negligence” for the escape of sludge from a giant reservoir at a MAL Zrt-owned alumina plant that killed eight people last week, and said the government would take control of the firm.

“Security responsibilities have been taken over by police at all Hungarian premises of MAL Zrt. And we have also gained control of (the company’s) information technology system,” disaster commissioner Gyorgy Bakondi told a news conference.

He said police also searched the firm’s Budapest office and tax authority APEH had ordered a full screening of MAL Zrt.

Bakondi said he would meet MAL Zrt board members later on Tuesday to discuss next steps. The government will decide on Wednesday whether it is safe to restart production at the plant, he said. If so, it could resume output by the weekend.

He said officials were also investigating whether there had been more sludge in the burst reservoir than the legal limit.

Authorities were checking similar plants elsewhere in Hungary, but so far had not found any irregularities that would warrant immediate action.

Zoltan Bakonyi, the head of MAL Zrt, remained in police custody Tuesday pending a court decision on his arrest. The decision could be made by Wednesday, police said.

“The suspect has failed to prepare the measures required to relieve the impacts (of such a disaster) and to protect life, physical safety and assets in case of a similar catastrophe, as well as to work out the defence systems and safety installations, notification and alarm systems necessary to mitigate the impacts of a disaster,” police said in a statement.

It said Bakonyi had raised a complaint against both being taken into custody and the suspicions against him.


A million cubic metres of lethal red mud surged out of the reservoir on October 4, flooding three villages and farmland and fouling rivers including a tributary of the Danube, which flows through or skirts a dozen European countries.

More than 120 people were injured by the spread of the corrosive, caustic sludge.

Tuesday, crews in the village of Kolontar had nearly completed a 600-metre-long emergency dam crossing the village to protect the area from a second waste overflow.

Gyorgyi Tottos, a spokesperson for disaster crews on the scene, told Reuters crews were covering the dam with dolomite (calcium magnesium carbonate) to make it even more resilient and that the latest checks on the damaged reservoir wall showed no further deterioration.

Kolontar was evacuated Saturday after cracks appeared in the northern wall of the burst reservoir. Authorities say 500,000 cubic metres of caustic sludge could escape the reservoir if the wall were to fail.

Government spokeswoman Anna Nagy said the state had not nationalised MAL Zrt, telling a news conference that the firm has been taken over temporarily “as an extraordinary measure.”

She said it was important to revive the plant because this involved the jobs of 4,000-6,000 people directly and many more indirectly. MAL Zrt warned Sunday that it could go out of business in days if it were not allowed to resume production.

Slideshow (13 Images)

The government has put Bakondi, head of the National Disaster Unit, in charge of MAL with the task of creating transparency in its finances and drawing up a plan on how it can function safely.

“The disaster commissioner will have a team charged with safely restarting the company, preventing the siphoning off of assets and making sufficient funds available for damage compensation,” Orban spokesman Peter Szijjarto told public television m1.

Additional reporting by Marton Dunai; editing by Mark Trevelyan

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