DUBLIN (Reuters) - Ireland’s gross domestic product grew 6.7 percent in 2018, making it the European Union’s fastest-growing economy for the fifth consecutive year, although the figures were flattered once again by statistical distortions.
The relevance of using the conventional measure for economic performance as an accurate measure for such an open economy diminished when 2015 GDP growth was adjusted up to 26 percent after a massive revision to the stock of capital assets.
Such distortions, related to Ireland’s large cluster of multinational companies, boosted the figures again early last year and meant growth for the year as a whole came in just below the inflated 7.2 percent posted in 2017.
Still, a range of other more stable data from employment to retail sales point to very strong growth in the real economy and the statistics office has begun to phase in new measures which strip out some of the distorting globalised activities.
One such measure, modified domestic demand, expanded 3.3 percent and should be regarded as an important indicator of changes in underlying demand last year, the Central Statistics Office (CSO) said in a statement.
GDP expanded by 0.1 percent on a quarterly basis from October to December, compared with 0.9 percent in the previous quarter.
The annual growth cut Ireland’s debt as a percentage of GDP to around 68 percent, Michael Connolly, senior statistician at the CSO told a news conference.
Ireland’s central bank forecasts that GDP growth will moderate to 4.4 percent this year if Britain leaves the European Union with an agreement but eke out growth of 1.5 percent if its nearest neighbour crashes out of the bloc without a deal.
Reporting by Padraic Halpin; Editing by Catherine Evans