November 9, 2011 / 9:43 AM / 8 years ago

Parents pray, jets grounded for Korea college exam

SEOUL (Reuters) - Jets will be grounded across South Korea and anxious parents will pray while their children take annual exams that could lead them to one of the country’s top universities and eventually a good job for life.

Mothers and grandmothers pray for their family members' success in the college entrance examinations at a Buddhist temple in Seoul November 9, 2011. REUTERS/Jo Yong-Hak

As well as prayers at churches and temples in this country of 50 million people, the 690,000 students who sit the exams on Thursday have been boosting their chances by eating toffee, to help the right answers stick, and staying away from bananas and seaweed, that might make them slip in the tests.

“I have been so stressed just looking at other mothers send their children off to good colleges,” said Kwon Jeong-hee, whose son is taking the so-called CSAT tests for the second time.

Kwon was praying at the Jogyesa Buddhist temple in downtown Seoul, which has held special prayer meetings for parents of CSAT exam takers. Many anxious parents have been praying for weeks, if not months.

“I haven’t allowed guests into my home recently because of superstitions against strangers, and I don’t let my son eat seaweed soup because it’s unnerving,” she said.

The exams are a major event here, and society scrambles to make things easier for stressed students.

During oral tests, aircraft will be banned from taking off and landing, and drivers are forbidden from sounding their horns. Police vehicles will even escort late-running students to the exam rooms.

Even the stock exchange will open an hour late to reduce the chance that students will be caught in traffic en route to the exams, an annual rite of passage that can literally make or break the lives of the 18-year olds sitting them.

“The mothers are more anxious than the children,” said Yu Mi-ran, who has prayed daily at her church in central Seoul for over 20 days for her daughter.

Along with toffee, students are given presents of forks to help them “stab” the correct answers, while toilet paper is also good luck as in Korean it is called “pul-da,” a homonym for “solve” or “unravel.”

Porridge is also a banned food for test takers as “cooking porridge” in Korean is also slang for “messing up.”


With the youngsters’ whole future at stake, some go further than trusting in toffee and forks.

A national scandal erupted in 2004 when a group of students were caught cheating with cell phones and working as a network. So serious is the exam that the offending students were handed down suspended sentences in court a few months later.

One high school student jumped off the roof of the school where she had been taking the test in 2007 and others have committed suicide after getting their results.

Test supervisors get special training and during the exam, they are not allowed to cough, chew gum or put on strong perfume that might distract students.

With high levels of youth unemployment and a growing informal employment sector that doesn’t bring the same benefits as working for huge South Korean conglomerates that offer a steady job and pension, anxious prayers from parents don’t always stop when the exams are finished.

“My son took the CSAT more than a decade ago,” said a mother at Jogyesa as she slipped a 5,000 won note inside a collecting box. “I’m here to get him a job.”

Editing by David Chance and Elaine Lies

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