NEW YORK (Reuters) - The euro rose for the first time against the dollar in six days on Wednesday after a European Central Bank member said he could see grounds for giving the euro zone bailout fund a banking license that would increase its crisis fighting firepower.
The comments from Ewald Nowotny prompted a flurry of short-covering and helped the euro rebound from a two-year low as investors who had bet against the single currency were squeezed out of those positions.
Nevertheless, many analysts said the downtrend for the euro remained intact. While a banking license would enable the bailout fund to borrow unlimited central bank money to fight the debt crisis, it’s still just an idea and one that may not come to fruition given other ECB officials’ opposition.
“Just the prospect that you can see an alternative solution to help prop up Europe is being viewed as a positive,” said Gareth Sylvester, senior currency strategist at Klarity FX in San Francisco.
“The reality is that it’s simply an idea and nothing more than that just yet,” he said. “The actual EU constitution would have to be amended to give (the European Stability Mechanism) those powers and it has to be ratified by all member states.”
The euro hit a session high of $1.2169, recovering from a two-year low of $1.2040 set on Tuesday. It was last up 0.8 percent at $1.2157.
The euro garnered an added boost after Spain and France said on Wednesday in a joint statement that stability of the euro area needs the adoption of a single supervisory mechanism for the bloc’s banks by the end of this year.
Against the yen, the euro rose as high as 95.20 yen, having carved out a new 12-year low of around 94.11 earlier in the week. It was last up 0.7 percent at 94.97 yen.
The dollar was little changed at 78.14 yen.
Sentiment toward the euro remained bearish given spiralling Spanish borrowing costs that have fuelled concerns the country will need a full sovereign bailout.
A break below support at the psychologically important level of $1.20 would open up a test of the 2010 low of $1.1875.
“It’s going to be a slow grind down towards that,” said Fabian Eliasson, vice president of currency sales at Mizuho Corporate Bank in New York. “Volatilty is just too high to see it going straight down -- two steps backward and one step forward.”
Yields on Spanish debt have jumped since last week when the region of Valencia said it would need financial help from Madrid, with investors concerned other indebted regions will also seek aid.
As speculation grew that Spain, the fourth-largest economy in the euro zone, may need a full-scale sovereign bailout, investors were worried that Europe’s bailout fund would have little money left to support other troubled countries including Greece, Italy and Portugal.
Delivering yet more bad news for Europe, Moody’s changed the outlook on its provisional top-notch rating for the European Financial Stability Facility to negative, while Egan-Jones on Wednesday cut Italy’s sovereign rating.
Moody’s earlier in the week changed the outlooks for Germany, the Netherlands and Luxembourg to negative. All three are guarantors for the EFSF, with Germany holding the largest share at just over 29 percent.
The U.S. dollar briefly pared losses against the euro after data showing new U.S. single-family home sales in June fell by the most in more than a year dented risk appetite. But the impact was short-lived as the data fuelled expectations of further stimulus from the Federal Reserve.
Additional reporting by Nick Olivari; Editing by Theodore d'Afflisio