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Kurdish leader and ex-Iraqi president Jalal Talabani dies - state TV
October 3, 2017 / 2:42 PM / 20 days ago

Kurdish leader and ex-Iraqi president Jalal Talabani dies - state TV

ERBIL, Iraq (Reuters) - Iraqi Kurdish leader and ex-Iraqi president Jalal Talabani died on Tuesday at age 83, Iraqi state TV said, a week after Iraq’s autonomous Kurdish region held a referendum on independence.

FILE PHOTO: Iraq's President Jalal Talabani attends the Inaugural Meeting of the Board of Entrepreneurs France-Iraq in Paris November 18, 2009. REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes/File Photo

Talabani, a veteran leader of the Kurdish struggle for self-determination, stepped down as president in 2014, after a long period of treatment following a stroke in 2012.

Talabani died in Germany, according to Erbil-based Rudaw TV, which reported earlier in the day that his health had deteriorated. He often went to Germany for medical treatment.

His wife and companion in political struggle, Hero, and his Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) party voiced only lukewarm support for the Sept. 25 referendum that delivered an overwhelming “yes” to secession from Iraq.

FILE PHOTO: Iraqi President Jalal Talabani smiles during his meeting with U.S. Ambassador to Iraq Ryan Croker in Baghdad June 11, 2007. REUTERS/Sabah Arar/Pool/File Photo

Unlike Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) leader Massoud Barzani of the rival Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP), the PUK has had traditionally good ties with Iran and Iranian-backed Shi‘ite groups which are effectively ruling in Baghdad. The Baghdad government, Iran and Turkey all strongly opposed the referendum.

Talabani was born near Erbil, now the seat of the autonomous KRG in northern Iraq, in 1933. He lived in Sulaimaniya, a stronghold of his PUK, the main rival of Barzani’s KDP.

FILE PHOTO: Iraq's President Jalal Talabani smiles as he attends a debate meeting with university students at the Cambridge Union Society in Cambridge, eastern England, May 11, 2007. REUTERS/Alessia Pierdomenico/File Photo

He was the first non-Arab president of Iraq, elected in 2005, two years after the U.S.-led invasion that toppled dictator Saddam Hussein, a Sunni Arab.

Fuad Masoum, a Kurd from the PUK, replaced Talabani in the Iraqi presidency, a largely ceremonial post in the political system established after Saddam’s overthrow that concentrates power in the hand of the prime minister, now Haider al-Abadi, an Arab Shi‘ite Muslim.

One of Talabani’s sons, Qubad, is the current deputy prime minister of the autonomous Kurdish region in northern Iraq.

Reporting by Maher Chymatelli; Editing by Mark Heinrich

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