LONDON (Reuters) - Sluggish consumption growth is depressing oil prices even as Saudi Arabia and its allies try to prop up the market by cutting their production.
U.S. refineries have so far this year processed 48 million barrels of crude and other liquids, less than at the same point in 2018, according to an analysis of weekly data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Gross inputs into refineries have averaged 16.90 million barrels per day (bpd) compared with 17.15 million bpd in 2018 (“Weekly petroleum status report”, EIA, July 17).
Refineries had a much heavier and longer maintenance season between February and April than at the same point last year.
Most refiners have not yet made up for the lost production, with daily processing rates mostly below prior year levels.
Even with restricted crude run rates, however, gasoline stocks are just 4 million barrels below 2018 levels while distillate inventories are 15 million barrels above last year.
Refiners have reconfigured their equipment to maximise output of middle distillates and minimise production of residual fuel oil ahead of the introduction of new marine fuel regulations at the start of 2020.
So far production of distillate fuel oil has increased by 115,000 bpd compared with 2018, while gasoline output is also up by 85,000 bpd, as refiners squeeze extra valuable fuels from their raw inputs.
Refiners are likely seeking to increase stocks of distillates to ensure adequate stocks at bunkering terminals and smooth the introduction of the new marine fuel rules.
The heavy maintenance undertaken between February and April should ensure most refineries can undergo lighter than normal maintenance in October and November, boosting fuel supplies even further later in the year.
In theory, heavy crude processing during the second half of the year should cut excess crude stocks and help rebalance the market. But the softness of consumption may now be putting that out of reach.
Consumption weakness and rising fuel stocks explain why oil prices have failed to rise in recent weeks despite diplomatic tensions in the Middle East Gulf and a slowdown in new well drilling in the United States.
John Kemp is a Reuters market analyst. The views expressed are his own.
- Freight fuel prices subdued as economy outweighs IMO (Reuters, July 16)
- U.S. diesel consumption hit by economic slowdown (Reuters, July 4)
- Global economic slowdown hits diesel consumption (Reuters, May 29)
- Diesel traders anticipate shortage, but not just yet (Reuters, April 30)
Editing by Jan Harvey