WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Rabobank [RABO.UL] N.A., a California unit of the Dutch cooperative bank, agreed on Wednesday to pay over $368 million (265.17 million pounds) for processing funds likely tied to drug trafficking and other illicit activity and pleaded guilty in federal court to conspiring to obstruct regulatory oversight.
The bank allowed hundreds of millions in untraceable cash from Mexico and elsewhere to be deposited into branches in California, and then transferred without adequate monitoring and reporting of the suspicious transactions to federal regulators, the U.S. Department of Justice said in a statement.
Separately, the U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), the bank’s primary regulator, said it had imposed a $50 million civil penalty for deficiencies in its Bank Secrecy Act and anti-money laundering compliance programme, but said the amount would be credited towards the bank’s Justice Department fine. The OCC also terminated a 2013 cease-and-desist order against the bank.
Rabobank said in a statement that the agreements ended investigations related to its deficiencies and conduct by former employees before 2014.
“Settling these matters is important for the bank’s mission here in California,” Mark Borrecco, chief executive officer of Rabobank N.A., said in the statement. He also said the bank had enhanced internal controls and risk management.
Rabobank chose to “look the other way” when it learned of transactions indicative of international drug trafficking, organised crime and money laundering, Acting Assistant U.S. Attorney General John Cronan said in the Justice Department statement.
Three bank executives then tried to obstruct a 2012 OCC examination to avoid sanctions imposed for similar failures in 2006 and 2008, the statement said, and the bank provided false and misleading information in response to a 2013 report by the regulator.
Rabobank’s guilty plea took place in U.S. District Court in San Diego. It pleaded guilty to a conspiracy charge for impeding the OCC and obstructing its examination.
A former Rabobank vice president, George Martin, entered into a deferred prosecution agreement in the same court in December. Martin admitted to his role in the bank’s failure to maintain a proper anti-money laundering programme.
According to court documents, Martin and another executive created policies that stopped and suppressed investigations into suspicious transactions at the bank’s branches.
In January, the bank said it had taken a 310 million euro provision in the fourth quarter of 2017 ahead of an expected settlement with the U.S. government.
Reporting by Karen Freifeld, editing by Jonathan Oatis and Tom Brown