MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russian oil production fell by around one percent in 2008, official data showed on Friday, the country’s first annual decline in a decade after large increases in previous years and a sign of things to come.
The decline is widely expected to continue because of ageing reserves and plunging oil prices, which combine with heavy taxation to leave producers with limited cash to invest in maintaining production and opening new fields.
The Energy Ministry data showed that December crude and gas condensate production fell 1.6 percent, month-on-month, to 9.66 million barrels per day (bpd), bringing the annual average output to 488.105 million tonnes or 9.78 million bpd.
The annual figure is 0.9 percent lower, on a daily basis, than Russia’s 2007 oil production, which stood at 491.481 million tonnes or 9.87 million bpd.
Analysts expect oil output growth to recover only in the next decade after a number of new major deposits are launched in Eastern Siberia, which is rich in resources but lacks infrastructure.
In 2007, output rose 2.3 percent from 2006, supported mainly by the Sakhalin-1 field on the Pacific island of the same name, developed by U.S. oil major Exxon Mobil.
The data also showed that Russian oil exports via pipeline monopoly Transneft fell by more than 5 percent to 4.19 million bpd (209.152 million tonnes) last year from 4.43 million bpd (220.597 million tonnes) in 2007.
In December, Russian oil exports via Transneft rose by 17.8 percent to 4.36 million bpd (18.445 million tonnes) against 3.70 million bpd (15.142 million tonnes) in the previous month.
Natural gas output by Gazprom, the world’s largest gas producer and supplier of a quarter of Europe’s gas needs, stood at 550.587 billion cubic metres (bcm) in 2008, compared with 549.597 bcm in 2007.
Reporting by Maria Kiselyova, editing by Anthony Barker