June 3, 2011 / 11:28 AM / in 8 years

Factbox - Ratko Mladic faces 11 charges

THE HAGUE (Reuters) - Ratko Mladic faced his judges at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague on Friday to hear charges of genocide in the Bosnia war.

Former Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladic appears in court at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in the Hague, June 3, 2011. REUTERS/Martin Meissner/Pool

He declined to enter a plea immediately and the court set his next hearing for July 4.

Here are some details on the charges:

* Mladic has been charged with 11 counts of genocide and crimes against humanity and violations of the laws and customs of war.

* COUNT 1: — Mladic committed, together with others, planned, instigated, ordered and aided genocide against Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats.

* COUNT 2: — Mladic committed, together with others, planned, instigated, ordered and aided genocide against Bosnian Muslim national ethnic groups. Additionally Mladic knew that genocide was about to be or had been committed by his subordinates. He participated in a joint criminal enterprise to eliminate the Bosnian Muslims in Srebrenica by killing over 7,000 men and boys of Srebrenica and forcibly removing the women, young children and some elderly.

— Counts 1-2 constitute genocide.

* COUNT 3: — Committed, with others and planned, instigated, ordered, and aided persecutions on political or religious grounds against Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats.

— Count 3 constitutes a crime against humanity.

* COUNTS 4-6: — Mladic committed or planned or helped the extermination and murder of Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats in Municipalities - the extermination and murder of Bosnian Muslims in Srebrenica and the civilian population of Sarajevo.

— Counts 4 and 5 constitute crimes against humanity, count 6, violation of laws or customs of war.

* COUNTS 7-8: — Mladic planned, instigated, ordered, committed and helped the forcible transfer and deportation of Bosnian Muslims, Bosnian Croats or other non-Serbs from the Municipalities and from Srebrenica. These were carried out between may 12, 1992 and November 30, 1995.

— Counts 7 and 8 constitute crimes against humanity.

COUNTS 9-10: — Mladic instigated, ordered, committed and helped the crimes of terror and unlawful attacks on civilians. He also took part in a joint criminal enterprise to carry out a campaign of sniping and shelling against the civilian population of Sarajevo between April 1992 and November 1995, to spread terror among the civilian population.

— Counts 9 and 10 constitute violations of the laws or customs of war.

COUNT 11: — He planned, instigated, ordered, committed and abetted the taking of U.N. military observers and peacekeepers as hostages.

— Forces under Mladic’s control detained more than 200 U.N. peacekeepers and military observers and used them as human shields in various strategic locations to prevent NATO from conducting air strikes against Bosnian Serb military targets.

— Threats were issued to the U.N., NATO and others that further NATO attacks would result in the injury, death, or continued detention of the detainees. Some detainees were assaulted before being released in June 1995.

— Count 11 constitutes violations of the laws or customs of war.

Sources: Reuters/www.icty.org

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