ISTANBUL (Reuters) - The Turkish lira weakened some 0.6% against the dollar on Tuesday as investors grew increasingly concerned about an escalation of violence between Syrian government forces and Turkish forces in northwest Syria.
Five Turkish soldiers were killed in shelling by Russia-backed Syrian forces on Monday, marking the second deadly attack on Turkish forces in Syria’s Idlib province within a week.
The lira TRYTOM=D3, whose volatility has spiked since a late Friday selloff, weakened as far as 6.0500 against the dollar from a close of 6.0075 on Monday. It stood at 6.0305 at 1305 GMT.
Worries over Turkey’s increased military involvement in Syria have been growing, said Jason Tuvey, senior emerging markets economist at Capital Economics.
“The latest developments certainly raised concern that tensions will continue to flare up,” he said, adding that government efforts to artificially prop up the lira would “ultimately... prove futile.”
Turkish state banks have sold tens of billions of dollars over the last year to stabilize the lira, which lost 36% of its value in two years following a currency crisis in 2018.
“Given (Turkey’s) low foreign exchange reserves, the country’s large external debt, it just cannot be sustained for very long at all,” Tuvey said.
A London forex trader said local banks had continued to sell dollars on Monday around the 6.02 level albeit at smaller volumes than last week.
The lira also declined to 6.05 on Friday, its weakest point in regular trading since late May. It recovered briefly on Monday after the government imposed new limits on banks’ foreign-exchange.
On the Istanbul stock market, the main BIST 100 index .XU100 was up 0.86% at 1234 GMT, while the banking index .XBANK was 0.12% lower.
Turkey and Russia, whose closer ties in recent years triggered concerns among Ankara’s Western allies, have worked to ease violence in Syria, despite backing opposing sides.
The recent escalation in Idlib, where the two sides had agreed to implement a ceasefire several times, has lead to speculation that their relations could suffer.
Cristian Maggio, head of emerging markets strategy at TD Securities in London, said the developments showed the relations between Ankara and Moscow had hit a “hard bottom”.
“The potential change in relations between Turkey and Russia is one of those inflection points that the market was not priced for,” he said, also pointing to Turkey’s fraught relations with other regional powers, such as Egypt and Israel.
“Turkey has made more enemies than friends over the past few years,” Maggio said.
Additional reporting by Karin Strohecker and Saikat Chatterjee in London; Writing by Ali Kucukgocmen; Editing by Daren Butler, Jonathan Spicer and Alexandra Hudson