UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on Thursday called on the United States to reverse its recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and cuts in aid to the Palestinians, saying these had undermined the two-state solution to the conflict.
“With all of these decisions, this administration has reneged on all previous U.S. commitments, and has undermined the two-state solution,” Abbas said in his address to the annual gathering of world leaders at the United Nations.
“I renew my call to President Trump to rescind his decisions and decrees regarding Jerusalem, refugees and settlements.”
The last Israeli-Palestinian peace talks collapsed in 2014 and there are doubts that U.S. President Donald Trump can secure what he has called the “ultimate deal” since he recognised Jerusalem as Israel’s capital in December and moved the U.S. Embassy there in May.
The Palestinians want to establish a state in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as its capital.
Israel captured those territories in the 1967 Middle East war and annexed East Jerusalem in a move not recognised internationally. Israel regards all of the city as its eternal and indivisible capital.
Trump has equivocated on whether he supports the idea of a two-state solution, with one for the Israelis and one for the Palestinians, a plank of U.S. policy for decades.
On Wednesday, in his administration’s clearest support for the idea, he said “I like a two-state solution. That’s what I think works best,” but later in the day backed off, saying he would also support a one-state solution if both sides wanted it.
Abbas said the United States could no longer be the sole mediator.
“The U.S. acts as a mediator; however now we view the U.S. with new eyes. The U.S. cannot be a mediator single-handedly,” Abbas said.
Israeli Defence Minister Avigdor Lieberman criticized Abbas’ speech, saying: “Instead of responding to the outstretched hand of Israel and the United States, the only thing that interests (him) is to settle scores and drive the region towards confrontation”.
Palestinians are boycotting Washington’s peace efforts after Trump broke with long-standing U.S. policy by recognising Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and moving the American Embassy to the contested city.
Earlier on Thursday Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi called for a resumption of Israel-Palestinian peace talks when he met Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly, Sisi’s office said.
Netanyahu, who said he was not surprised by Trump’s initial comments on the two-state solution, devoted the majority of his U.N. address to Iran.
Netanyahu said the Iran nuclear deal, which he deeply opposes, had the unintended consequence of bringing Israel and many Arab states closer over their shared mistrust of Iran.
“By empowering Iran, it brought Israel and many Arab states closer together than ever before ... in an intimacy and friendship that I have not seen in my lifetime, and would have been unimaginable a few years ago. ... Israel deeply values these new friendships, and I hope the day will soon arrive when Israel will be able to expand peace, a formal peace, beyond Egypt and Jordan, to other Arab neighbours, including the Palestinians.”
Hani al-Masri, a political analyst in Ramallah, said: “There was nothing new in Abbas’s speech. He repeated his known positions, and he just kept threatening, without making decisions.”
Hamas on Thursday dismissed Trump’s remarks on a two-state solution. Hazem Qassem, a Hamas spokesman, said the current White House administration had adopted the “rightist vision” of Israel’s government.
Speaking in Gaza, Qassem said that Trump’s decisions to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and to move the U.S. Embassy to the city “shows that he underestimates the Palestinian stance, and that is caused by the weakness of the official Palestinian stance represented by President Abbas.”
Reporting by Yara Bayoumy, John Irish and Arshad Mohammed in New York, Dan Williams in Jerusalem, Ali Sawafta in Ramallah; Editing by James Dalgleish