(Reuters) - U.S. presidential candidates Barack Obama and John McCain differ on the size of the U.S. military, the Iraq war and how to deal with Iran, but they have similar views on the need to reform Pentagon procurement.
Both Obama, a Democratic senator from Illinois, and Republican rival McCain, an Arizona senator, have emphasized the need to rein in chronic cost overruns in Pentagon weapons programs, and curb funding for unneeded, outdated weapons systems, but their views diverge on specific programs.
Sceptics say it may be difficult to terminate big programs, but some may become vulnerable to budget cuts.
Following are programs or issues addressed by the candidates:
Obama said he would slow work on the Army’s Future Combat Systems program, a $160 billion (88 billion pounds) modernization effort run by Boeing and Science Applications International.
McCain led a drive several years ago to convert terms of the contract with Boeing and SAIC into a more traditional defence deal, ensuring greater oversight. But he has stopped short of calling for cuts in the program.
Obama supports work on a system to protect the United States and its allies from missile attacks, but says it must be “pragmatic and cost-effective” and cannot divert resources from other priorities until its technologies are proven.
McCain has said he “strongly supports the development and deployment of theatre and national missile defences,” and has opposed Senate amendments to cut the program.
McCain has led myriad initiatives to reform weapons procurements, and called for broad reforms like adopting fixed-price contracts that force companies to abide by their original estimates — or pay the consequences themselves.
He blames consolidation in the defence industry and lack of competition for exacerbating cost overruns and other problems.
Obama has signalled support for defence acquisition reforms, telling a New Hampshire audience, “Keep in mind that there is a difference between the Pentagon budget and the size of the military. So it may be that, for example, there are weapons systems that are outmoded relics of the Cold War.”
He has promised that all contracts worth more than $25,000 would be competitively bid and plans to set up a board to review every major defence program in light of current needs and possible future threats.
Both men support measures to ensure top officials are held accountable for waste, fraud and abuse.
McCain pioneered the investigation that led to the collapse of a $23.5 billion Air Force plan to lease and buy Boeing aerial refuelling tankers. He has come under fire from Boeing supporters, who say his interventions to ensure competition helped steer a recent $35 billion program to Northrop Grumman and its European partner EADS. The contract was reopened after the government found problems with the selection process. McCain insists his actions were aimed exclusively at promoting fair and open bidding and said U.S. companies should not get preference over foreign