TASHKENT (Reuters) - Uzbekistan has abruptly recalled thousands of school teachers, college students and healthcare workers from cotton fields, halting a practice condemned abroad as forced labour, government officials and other sources told Reuters on Friday.
The Central Asian nation is one of the world’s leading cotton exporters and for years it has mobilised the students as well as staff at schools and clinics to pick the autumn harvest.
It phased out using minors in 2015 under international pressure that included boycott campaigns.
Officially, the work is voluntary and paid at about $0.005 per kilogram. In reality those who refuse risk expulsion or the sack unless they bribe an official or hire someone to work in their place, sources said.
The harvest started this month but late on Thursday the Tashkent government ordered the cotton pickers home, said a district official who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorised to comment.
The government declined to comment.
A central government official who also asked not to be named said an order barring the use of such workers had in fact been issued in August. On Thursday Tashkent warned regional governors they would be sacked if they fail to comply with it.
The district official said regional governments have been ordered to hire unemployed locals for cotton picking instead.
Several students and a school director, who all requested anonymity, said they had been ordered to return to class or had their trips to the field cancelled at the last moment.
Despite ending the use of child labour, Uzbekistan ranked among the top five worst offenders in the Global Slavery Index compiled last year by activist group Walk Free Foundation.
The group estimated that almost 4 percent of Uzbekistan’s population - then 31 million - lived in “modern slavery,” putting it second only to North Korea by that metric.
The move to end the practise follows reforms by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev who took over the former Soviet republic after the death of strongman leader Islam Karimov last September.
Mirziyoyev has moved to liberalise foreign exchange and travel regulations and had about 16,000 people struck off a blacklist of potential extremists, reforms that may help him rebuild ties with the West and attract foreign investment.
(This version of the story corrects “school children” to “school teachers” in first paragraph).
Reporting by Mukhammadsharif Mamatkulov; Writing by Olzhas Auyezov; Editing by Matthew Mpoke Bigg