(Reuters) - Leading U.S. airlines on Tuesday ditched 2020 forecasts and unveiled more sweeping capacity cuts and cost-saving measures in response to the spreading coronavirus, while United Airlines (UAL.O) warned of a deep hit to the sector.
Speaking at an industry conference, United President Scott Kirby said he was preparing for a “dire scenario” under which revenue could fall as much as 70% in April and May and 20% in November and December.
The sector has been hard-hit as tourists cancel trips and businesses across the globe clamp down on anything other than essential travel over the fast-spreading epidemic, sparking a string of steps by airlines to tackle the impact of the outbreak.
Chicago-based United has taken some of the most aggressive measures to date, saying on Tuesday it had raised $2 billion in new capital to bring liquidity to $8 billion and slashed its 2020 capital expenditure by more than a third to about $4.5 billion.
“Let me blunt. Speaking for United, hope is not a strategy,” Kirby told investors, saying it could take 18 months for demand to recover.
United is not taking jet deliveries for the time being and will not add capacity back to the market until it sees demand returning, he said. The airline expects to post a first-quarter loss due to the crisis, and Kirby and CEO Oscar Munoz are forgoing their base salaries until June 30.
Delta (DAL.N) said it had seen net bookings fall by as much as 25% to 30% and expected the situation to worsen further.
“This clearly is not an economic event. This is a fear event, probably more akin to what we saw at 9/11 than necessarily what we saw in 2009,” Delta Chief Executive Officer Ed Bastian said.
Delta is cutting domestic capacity by 10% to 15% and international by 20% to 25% and freezing hiring across the company, offering voluntary leave options to staff and looking at early retirement of older aircraft.
Southwest (LUV.N) CEO Gary Kelly told employees he was taking a 10% pay cut in response to the crisis, which it said last week could wipe up to $300 million from its first-quarter operating revenue.
The U.S. airlines have all said that strong balance sheets, significantly lower debt levels and sizeable cash reserves versus prior crises make them better prepared to weather the crisis, but do not rule out additional capital raising or cost-cutting.
While they do not foresee a bailout, U.S. President Donald Trump said on Capitol Hill after meeting with Senate Republicans on Tuesday that he was concerned and wanted “to protect our airline industry.”
American Chief Executive Doug Parker said his airline had $7.3 billion in available capital and was eyeing cost savings such as reduced pilot training classes.
The airline, which is cutting domestic capacity by 7.5% in April and international by 10% for the upcoming summer season, also expects a fall in fuel prices to save $3 billion in 2020 costs. Oil sank around a fifth in value on Monday.
American, Delta and United have also suspended share buybacks and said they were prepared to take additional measures as needed.
Shares in American and United jumped more than 15% on Tuesday, while Delta stock was 5% higher.
In an effort to encourage bookings, the largest U.S. airlines are allowing passengers to re-book tickets through April 30 without paying fees to change flights and others are running significant fare sales or cutting prices on some routes.
Speaking on Tuesday, Spirit CEO Ted Christie highlighted the budget carrier’s low-cost structure.
“Anyone can sell low fares, the issue is who can sell low fares at a profitable level?”
Reporting by Rachit Vats in Bengaluru and Tracy Rucinski in Chicago; Additional reporting by Uday Sampath Kumar and Ankit Ajmera in Bengaluru and David Shepardson in Washington; Editing by Patrick Graham and Nick Zieminski