July 11, 2017 / 4:43 PM / a year ago

Around 40 percent of Americans were harassed online: survey

NEW YORK (Reuters) - Roughly four-in-ten Americans have personally experienced online harassment, most commonly on social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter, according to a Pew Research Center survey released on Tuesday.

FILE PHOTO - The application icons of Facebook, Twitter and Google are displayed on an iPhone next to an earphone set in this illustration photo taken in Berlin, June 17, 2013. REUTERS/Pawel Kopczynski

The survey shows 41 percent of 4,248 respondents have been subjected to online harassing behavior such as offensive name-calling and embarrassment, up from 35 percent in 2014 when the think tank last conducted a similar survey.

A women looks at her mobile phone as the sun sets over the ocean in Encinitas, California, U.S., July 5, 2017. REUTERS/Mike Blake

Nearly one-in-five said they experienced more severe forms of harassment such as physical threats, stalking and sexual harassment.

While men are more likely than women to experience online harassment overall - 44 percent versus 37 percent - women, particularly young women, are more likely to be the targets of sexualized forms of online abuse. Two-in-ten women ages 18 to 29 said they have been sexually harassed online, and just over half said they have been sent explicit images they did not ask for, according to the survey.

The most common venue for online harassment was social media, with 58 percent saying their most recent incident happened on a social media platform.

Social media companies such as Facebook (FB.O), Twitter (TWTR.N) and Alphabet Inc’s (GOOGL.O) Google enjoy broad protections under federal law for content that users post on their services. Merely hosting third-party content that is objectionable or even illegal does not expose those companies to litigation as long as they adopt reasonable takedown policies.

The companies do enforce their own terms of service, which restrict many types of images. They rely heavily on users to report violations, which are then reviewed by employees or contractors for possible removal.

Reporting by Angela Moon; Editing by Phil Berlowitz

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