Mr. Mikhail Maratovich Fridman serves as Director of VimpelCom Ltd., since April 2010. Mr. Fridman was a member of the board of directors of OJSC VimpelCom from July 2001 until April 2010. He currently serves as a member of the board of directors of JSC Alfa-Bank, ABH Holdings S.A as well as Chairman of the Supervisory Boards of the Alfa Group Consortium and Director of LetterOne Holdings SA and LetterOne Investment Holdings SA. Mr. Fridman also serves as a member of the Supervisory Board of X5 RETAIL GROUP N.V. and DEA Deutsche Erdoel A.G. He is a member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation. From 1986 until 1988, Mr. Fridman served as an engineer at Elektrostal Metallurgical Works. Mr. Fridman graduated with honors from the Faculty of Non-Ferrous Metals of the Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys in 1986 and in 1989, together with his partners, founded the Alfa Group Consortium.