TOKYO Imports of Iranian crude oil by major buyers in Asia hit a five-year low in October, as China, Japan and South Korea sharply cut purchases ahead of U.S. sanctions on Tehran that took effect in early November, government and ship-tracking data showed.
* Asia's Iran imports at 762,000 bpd in Oct -govt, shipping
* China, Japan imports sharply down ahead of U.S. sanctions
* South Korea imports fall to zero for 2nd straight month
By Osamu Tsukimori
TOKYO, Nov 30 Imports of Iranian crude oil by
major buyers in Asia hit a five-year low in October, as China,
Japan and South Korea sharply cut purchases ahead of U.S.
sanctions on Tehran that took effect in early November,
government and ship-tracking data showed.
China, India, Japan and South Korea last month imported
about 762,000 barrels per day (bpd) from Iran, according to the
data, down 56.4 percent from a year earlier.
This marks the lowest volume of shipments since October
2013, when an earlier round of tough U.S. and E.U. sanctions had
slashed exports from the OPEC member starting from early 2012.
In reimposing sanctions on Nov. 5 on Iran's energy and
shipping industries, however, Washington also granted exemptions
to China, Japan, South Korea and five other countries, allowing
them to continue buying some Iranian oil for at least another
India's imports of Iranian oil dropped the least, falling
just 0.2 percent from the same month last year to 466,400 bpd.
Most India refiners boosted purchases from Iran ahead of the
U.S. sanctions as Iran was offering almost free shipping and
extended credit periods, according to oil analysts.
South Korean oil imports from Iran, though, fell to zero for
a second straight month in October.
Japan's oil imports from Iran plunged by 71 percent to a
six-month low of 48,033 bpd last month, trade ministry data
showed on Friday.
Japan's imports for November are set to fall to zero for the
first time since July 2012, when the nation's buyers reined in
its appetite to keep from falling afoul of European Union
sanctions targeting insurance.
Japan has not imported any crude after the last cargo was
shipped in early October, according to Refinitiv data.
South Korea is likely to hold its oil imports from Iran at
zero until the end of the year and resume shipments from
January, industry sources said in mid-November.
Japan's JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy is likely to load
Iran crude around the end of December, two industry sources
said. A company spokesman said, however, that the company is
considering the purchase but nothing has been decided yet.
China's imports of Iranian crude tumbled 64 percent in
October to 247,200 bpd.
The tables below outline Iran crude imports in bpd by Asia's
biggest buyers for October and the year to date:
Nation Oct-18 Oct-17 yr/yr pct
China 247,160 685,150 -64.0
India 466,400 467,600 -0.2
Japan 48,033 165,535 -71.0
Korea - 426,710 -100.0
Total 761,593 1,744,995 -56.4
Nation Jan-Oct 2018 Jan-Oct 2017 yr/yr pct
China 613,200 634,749 -3.4
India 579,600 486,400 19.2
Japan 152,982 165,405 -7.5
Korea 191,454 423,651 -54.8
Total 1,537,236 1,710,205 -10.1
(Reporting by Osamu Tsukimori; Editing by Tom Hogue)
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* Approvals also needed from local authorities
(Recasts, adds comment)
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