Edition:
United Kingdom
Pictures | Wed Aug 29, 2018 | 9:26pm BST

Portugal turns notorious political prison into museum

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes walks at the prison in Peniche Portugal July 31, 2018. Portugal plans to turn a notorious prison where anti-fascist activists were once beaten and tortured into a museum to help ensure that the memories and experiences of its aging survivors do not die with them.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes walks at the prison in Peniche Portugal July 31, 2018. Portugal plans to turn a notorious prison where anti-fascist activists were once beaten and tortured into a museum to help ensure that the memories and...more

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes walks at the prison in Peniche Portugal July 31, 2018. Portugal plans to turn a notorious prison where anti-fascist activists were once beaten and tortured into a museum to help ensure that the memories and experiences of its aging survivors do not die with them. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
1 / 16
A corridor of cells. And as support for far-right groups grows across Europe, the survivors say it is vital that younger generations learn about their suffering under Antonio Salazar, Europe's longest serving right-wing dictator.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

A corridor of cells. And as support for far-right groups grows across Europe, the survivors say it is vital that younger generations learn about their suffering under Antonio Salazar, Europe's longest serving right-wing dictator. REUTERS/Rafael...more

A corridor of cells. And as support for far-right groups grows across Europe, the survivors say it is vital that younger generations learn about their suffering under Antonio Salazar, Europe's longest serving right-wing dictator. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
2 / 16
A view shows the entrance to the former political prison. Salazar ruled Portugal with an iron hand from 1932 till his death in 1968, though his regime only finally crumbled in 1974, in the bloodless 'Carnation' revolution.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

A view shows the entrance to the former political prison. Salazar ruled Portugal with an iron hand from 1932 till his death in 1968, though his regime only finally crumbled in 1974, in the bloodless 'Carnation' revolution. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

A view shows the entrance to the former political prison. Salazar ruled Portugal with an iron hand from 1932 till his death in 1968, though his regime only finally crumbled in 1974, in the bloodless 'Carnation' revolution. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
3 / 16
Punishment cells are seen. The towering fortress prison in the town of Peniche, some 100 km (60 miles) north of Lisbon, was the largest jail of its kind in the Salazar era. There, his secret police, known as the PIDE, dealt mercilessly with opponents of his regime.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Punishment cells are seen. The towering fortress prison in the town of Peniche, some 100 km (60 miles) north of Lisbon, was the largest jail of its kind in the Salazar era. There, his secret police, known as the PIDE, dealt mercilessly with opponents...more

Punishment cells are seen. The towering fortress prison in the town of Peniche, some 100 km (60 miles) north of Lisbon, was the largest jail of its kind in the Salazar era. There, his secret police, known as the PIDE, dealt mercilessly with opponents of his regime. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
4 / 16
Old stoves are seen in the kitchen. It will reopen next April as a museum devoted to the anti-Salazar resistance and the fight for freedom after Portugal's minority Socialist government, backed by the Communists who helped to topple the regime in 1974, reversed a decision to hand over the site to private investors.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Old stoves are seen in the kitchen. It will reopen next April as a museum devoted to the anti-Salazar resistance and the fight for freedom after Portugal's minority Socialist government, backed by the Communists who helped to topple the regime in...more

Old stoves are seen in the kitchen. It will reopen next April as a museum devoted to the anti-Salazar resistance and the fight for freedom after Portugal's minority Socialist government, backed by the Communists who helped to topple the regime in 1974, reversed a decision to hand over the site to private investors. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
5 / 16
Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes explains what life was like at the former political prison. Standing in the cell where he spent nearly a decade of his life, veteran Communist activist Domingos Abrantes, now 82, recalled the sleep deprivation, extreme variations of temperature and emotional blackmail which he and other inmates had to endure.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes explains what life was like at the former political prison. Standing in the cell where he spent nearly a decade of his life, veteran Communist activist Domingos Abrantes, now 82, recalled the sleep...more

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes explains what life was like at the former political prison. Standing in the cell where he spent nearly a decade of his life, veteran Communist activist Domingos Abrantes, now 82, recalled the sleep deprivation, extreme variations of temperature and emotional blackmail which he and other inmates had to endure. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
6 / 16
A barred window is seen inside a cell. "We spent 22 to 23 hours a day inside the cell and we got punished a lot. But I have visited dozens of schools across the country (in recent decades) and when I tell my story some kids ask me if it really happened," Abrantes said.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

A barred window is seen inside a cell. "We spent 22 to 23 hours a day inside the cell and we got punished a lot. But I have visited dozens of schools across the country (in recent decades) and when I tell my story some kids ask me if it really...more

A barred window is seen inside a cell. "We spent 22 to 23 hours a day inside the cell and we got punished a lot. But I have visited dozens of schools across the country (in recent decades) and when I tell my story some kids ask me if it really happened," Abrantes said. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
7 / 16
Windows with bars are seen. "The best way to respect the memory of those who sacrificed themselves is to make sure fascism doesn't ever return. The far-right is growing in Europe so it's now more important than ever to tell younger generations about it," Abrantes told Reuters.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Windows with bars are seen. "The best way to respect the memory of those who sacrificed themselves is to make sure fascism doesn't ever return. The far-right is growing in Europe so it's now more important than ever to tell younger generations about...more

Windows with bars are seen. "The best way to respect the memory of those who sacrificed themselves is to make sure fascism doesn't ever return. The far-right is growing in Europe so it's now more important than ever to tell younger generations about it," Abrantes told Reuters. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
8 / 16
A mug used by prisoners. Activists say previous governments have often intentionally sought to eradicate memories of Portugal's fascist past. For example some sites, including Salazar's secret police HQ in Lisbon, have been turned into luxury flats or hotels.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

A mug used by prisoners. Activists say previous governments have often intentionally sought to eradicate memories of Portugal's fascist past. For example some sites, including Salazar's secret police HQ in Lisbon, have been turned into luxury flats...more

A mug used by prisoners. Activists say previous governments have often intentionally sought to eradicate memories of Portugal's fascist past. For example some sites, including Salazar's secret police HQ in Lisbon, have been turned into luxury flats or hotels. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
9 / 16
Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes poses for a portrait at the prison. Historian Irene Pimentel said the national curriculum in schools also paid too little attention to the Salazar era. "But now the grandsons and granddaughters of those who lived through the dictatorship are becoming interested in what happened and those who lived during the regime are getting older," Pimentel said.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes poses for a portrait at the prison. Historian Irene Pimentel said the national curriculum in schools also paid too little attention to the Salazar era. "But now the grandsons and granddaughters of those who...more

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes poses for a portrait at the prison. Historian Irene Pimentel said the national curriculum in schools also paid too little attention to the Salazar era. "But now the grandsons and granddaughters of those who lived through the dictatorship are becoming interested in what happened and those who lived during the regime are getting older," Pimentel said. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
10 / 16
The bars of a window. The Peniche museum is not the only current initiative trying to keep memories alive. In May a fortress used by Salazar as his holiday residence was turned into an artistic hub. Filmmakers and theater producers are also starting to bring untold stories about the regime to Portugal's stages and big screen.

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

The bars of a window. The Peniche museum is not the only current initiative trying to keep memories alive. In May a fortress used by Salazar as his holiday residence was turned into an artistic hub. Filmmakers and theater producers are also starting...more

The bars of a window. The Peniche museum is not the only current initiative trying to keep memories alive. In May a fortress used by Salazar as his holiday residence was turned into an artistic hub. Filmmakers and theater producers are also starting to bring untold stories about the regime to Portugal's stages and big screen. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
11 / 16
Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes sits in the visiting room. Paula Silva, director of Cultural Heritage which will manage the museum, said: "Freedom is a human right but it can vanish."

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes sits in the visiting room. Paula Silva, director of Cultural Heritage which will manage the museum, said: "Freedom is a human right but it can vanish." REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes sits in the visiting room. Paula Silva, director of Cultural Heritage which will manage the museum, said: "Freedom is a human right but it can vanish." REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
12 / 16
Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes poses for a portrait. 

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes poses for a portrait. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes poses for a portrait. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
13 / 16
Barred windows are seen. 

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Barred windows are seen. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Barred windows are seen. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
14 / 16
A window with bars is seen inside a cell. 

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

A window with bars is seen inside a cell. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

A window with bars is seen inside a cell. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
15 / 16
Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes is seen through the peephole in a cell door. 

REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes is seen through the peephole in a cell door. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Former political prisoner Domingos Abrantes is seen through the peephole in a cell door. REUTERS/Rafael Marchante
Close
16 / 16

Next Slideshows

Moscow Auto Salon

Highlights from the 2018 Moscow International Auto Salon.

29 Aug 2018

Russia's Cossack Games

Highlights from the Youth Cossack Games in Stavropol region, Russia.

29 Aug 2018

Bees swarm Times Square

New York City's Times Square was abuzz as bees swarmed a hot dog stand, prompting police to shut down the street and call a beekeeper as tourists looked on.

29 Aug 2018

Ancient Turkish town imperiled by future dam

The ancient town of Hasankeyf on the Tigris river will be significantly submerged by the Ilisu dam, currently under construction in southeastern Turkey.

27 Aug 2018

MORE IN PICTURES

Photos of the week

Photos of the week

Our top photos from the past week.

Notable deaths in 2019

Notable deaths in 2019

Newsmakers and celebrities who have died this year.

Running the Palio di Siena

Running the Palio di Siena

Since the mid-1600s, 10 riders have hurtled bareback around Siena, Italy's shell-shaped central square in a desperate bid to win the Palio, a silk banner depicting the Madonna and child.

Zimbabwe police fire tear gas at opposition supporters defying protest ban

Zimbabwe police fire tear gas at opposition supporters defying protest ban

Zimbabwean police fired tear gas and beat up more than 100 opposition supporters with batons on Friday after they defied a protest ban in central Harare, witnesses said.

Hong Kong in turmoil

Hong Kong in turmoil

Ten weeks of confrontations between police and protesters have plunged Hong Kong into turmoil, and presented the biggest popular challenge to Chinese President Xi Jinping since he came to power in 2012. Demonstrators say they are fighting the erosion of the "one country, two systems" arrangement that has enshrined some autonomy for Hong Kong since China took it back from Britain in 1997.

Artifacts of the slave trade

Artifacts of the slave trade

Chains, shackles and documents are among the horrific and brutal reminders of the Africa-to-North America slave trade, which began 400 years ago.

Glimpses of Greenland

Glimpses of Greenland

Images from the autonomous Danish territory, which dismissed the notion that it might be up for sale after reports that U.S. President Donald Trump had privately discussed with his advisers the idea of buying the world's biggest island.

Woodstock site hosts concert on 50th anniversary

Woodstock site hosts concert on 50th anniversary

Arlo Guthrie performs at the original site of the Woodstock Festival, on the 50th anniversary of the iconic counterculture event.

Chinese paramilitary conduct exercises near Hong Kong border

Chinese paramilitary conduct exercises near Hong Kong border

Chinese paramilitary forces conducted exercises across the border from Hong Kong, raising fears that Beijing may be preparing to act against mass demonstrations.

Trending Collections

Pictures

Podcast