ATHENS Feb 19 Two Greek newspapers said on
Friday the country's EYP intelligence service, investigating
speculative attacks on Greece in money markets, had identified
U.S. and British firms as aggressive sellers of Greek bonds.
The finance ministry said it would not confirm the reports,
neither of which alleged that laws were broken. A government
spokesman said EYP had not been asked to undertake such a probe.
"There is no such action, no such decision. Beyond that, of
course we are doing our analysis, trying to determine where
these speculative games originate," government spokesman George
Petalotis told reporters.
The press reports, which follow criticism of speculative
trading by senior politicians in Europe, may be part of efforts
by officials to deter hedge funds and other institutions from
conducting trades that worsen instability in Greek asset prices.
Greek bonds and stocks have been hammered since a socialist
government elected in October revealed last year's budget
deficit had ballooned to a projected 12.7 percent of gross
domestic product, over four times the European Union's limit.
While much selling has been conducted by long-term investors
alarmed by Greece's debt crisis, traders say shorter-term
speculators have been involved; some have laid bets in the
market for credit default swaps (CDS), used to hedge against the
possibility of a Greek debt default. [ID:nLDE6111UV]
"EYP has managed to unravel the strands of speculation
entangling the country," the centre-left To Vima newspaper said
on Friday, without quoting any sources.
It said four asset management firms identified by Greek
intelligence were London-based hedge fund manager Brevan Howard,
and U.S.-based Moore Capital, Fidelity International and Paulson
& Co, all alleged to have sold Greek bonds since December.
The centre-right Kathimerini daily said EYP had found data
confirming there was coordinated action -- legal but speculative
-- by foreign firms including Brevan Howard, Europe's biggest
hedge fund firm, and Pimco, the world's largest bond fund.
Brevan Howard said in a letter to investors it had no short
exposure to Greek debt since mid-December, and that it had no
plans to short the bonds or buy CDS in the foreseeable future.
Moore Capital declined to comment; Pimco said it does not
comment on market rumours. Paulson was not available to comment.
A spokeswoman for Fidelity said: "Fidelity International's
bond funds do not actively sell short any government debt other
than for hedging purposes.
"Market stability is very important to us as long-term
investors, and we would never engage in any practice that we
believe would be detrimental to an efficiently functioning,
On Sunday, Spanish daily El Pais said intelligence services
in Spain, another indebted country under pressure from the debt
market, were probing "speculative attacks" against the country.
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou, who has denounced
"profiteering" in the markets at the expense of Greece, said in
London on Friday that governments had the power to control bond
market speculation, if they could find the will. [ID:nLDE61I1T9]
On Thursday, French Economy Minister Christine Lagarde
called for better regulation of the CDS market. [ID:nPAB008184]
Many traders doubt, however, that press reports of activity
by intelligence agencies and statements by politicians will
deter funds from seeking to profit from the Greek crisis.
The statements appear largely aimed at placating public
opinion, which is suspicious of financial speculators after the
global credit crisis, and probably do not herald new regulatory
initiatives, traders believe.
And in markets as large and liquid as Europe's, most funds
are likely to be able to find trading strategies and vehicles
that conceal the extent of their speculative activity.
"I don't think it has had any impact in the market, and we
think the view is very, very far-fetched," a trader at a major
bank in London said of the Greek newspaper reports.
The British-based Alternative Investment Management
Association, which represents hedge funds, said data suggested
the big players in Greek debt were overwhelmingly continental
European banks rather than U.S. or British hedge funds.
It said the Greek CDS market was small, with deals worth
about 8 percent of Greek government bond deals, and Greece's CDS
exposure was only about 4 percent of its government debt.
(Additional reporting by Natsuko Waki, Huw Jones, Laurence
Fletcher and William James in London; Editing by Paul Taylor and