NEW YORK (Reuters) - The dollar edged up to a two-week high against major currencies on Friday as uncertainty about fiscal talks in Washington to avert tax hikes and spending cuts next year drove investors to the relative safety of the U.S. currency.
President Barack Obama was not planning to make a new offer at a White House meeting with congressional leaders on Friday to avert the so-called “fiscal cliff” that looms on January 1, a source familiar with the meeting said.
“Headline risk is likely to remain a driver of FX markets in the near term,” said Eric Theoret, FX strategist at Scotia Capital in Toronto.
An agreement on the U.S. budget would be viewed as positive for riskier currencies such as the euro and Australian dollar, while a deadlock is deemed positive for the safe-haven and highly liquid dollar.
Conflicting developments in Washington over the budget debate have sparked volatility in the dollar. On Thursday, the dollar rose after Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid warned that the United States appears to be headed over the “fiscal cliff.” But it gave up gains on news of a House of Representatives session on Sunday.
With time running short, lawmakers may opt to allow the higher taxes and across-the-board spending cuts to take effect and attempt to pass a retroactive fix soon after the new year. Standard & Poor’s said an impasse on the cliff would not have an impact on the sovereign rating of the United States.
The dollar hit a two-week high against a basket of currencies at 79.930. It was last up 0.1 percent at 79.665.
The euro slipped 0.1 percent to $1.3221 (8176 pence), having hit a session low of $1.3164 (8140 pence) on Reuters data after triggering stop-loss sell orders around $1.3170 (814 pence). On the week, the euro gained 0.3 percent versus the dollar, its third straight week of gains.
The euro has made rapid strides since mid-November, gaining 5 percent in a month to hit an 8-1/2-month high of $1.3308 on December 19 as worries about the euro zone debt crisis ebbed.
“Prices have become so overbought that there was little enthusiasm to rally further. Once the selling began, it quickly triggered stops across the board, taking euro/dollar below the $1.3200 level,” said Boris Schlossberg, managing director of FX strategy, at BK Asset Management in New York.
Although analysts partly attributed the euro’s drop to year-end dollar demand and thin liquidity, they said unwinding of long euro positions also weighed on the currency.
“There is still a good chunk of skepticism among market participants about the euro being significantly higher than the $1.32-$1.33 level,” said Ulrich Leuchtmann, head of FX research at Commerzbank.
“Speculative market participants are not very happy with these levels and look at it as a good opportunity to sell the euro, which is leading to the rapid drop in euro/dollar.”
The euro fell 0.2 percent at 113.78 yen, having earlier hit a 17-month high.
The dollar was steady against the yen at 86.06 yen, having earlier risen to 86.63 yen, its strongest since August 2010. Traders reported options barriers at 86.75 and 87.00 yen.
Expectations the new Japanese government of Premier Shinzo Abe will push for further easing in monetary policy have weighed heavily on the yen and analysts say it could fall further. The yen has hit more than two-year lows against the dollar for three straight days.
The dollar has gained 12 percent against the yen in 2012, putting it on track for its biggest annual percentage drop since 2005.
The dollar looked set to end the week above its 200-week moving average, now around 84.95 yen, for the first time since late December 2007, a technical signal indicating further gains.
On the week, the dollar gained about 2 percent versus the yen, its seventh straight week of gains.
Jens Nordvig, global head of G10 strategy at Nomura Securities in New York, said he expects the Bank of Japan to move toward a 2 percent inflation target at the January meeting and plans for a foreign bond buying program to be announced in the second quarter.
“Mr. Abe has been consistent in signalling an aggressive push toward monetary easing. Importantly, this push is likely to be front loaded,” he wrote to clients. Nomura forecasts the dollar will rise to 90 yen by the end of the second quarter, up from a previous target of 85 yen.
Additional reporting by Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss; Editing by Dan Grebler